CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF AJUGA CHAMAEPITYS (L.) SCHREB GROWING IN TURKEY BY GC-MS METHODAbstract
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb, well-known as Camaepitiumor Ground Pine, is an annual herb typical of the Mediterranean area accounting several uses in the traditional medicine. In this study, the methanol extract of Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb was analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), while the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extract were matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology Library. The study revealed the presence of fifteen phytocomponents. The most abundant compounds in the methanol extract were eucalyptol, thujone, endoborneol, davana ether, and octacosane. The results indicated that polarity of the solvents used in extraction influenced the relative abundance and type of compounds extracted. The various compounds identified are known to have varying bioactivities such as being hemorrhoids, stomachache, jaundice, and inflammatory diseases.