BOTANICAL STUDIES ON RAW HERBAL SAMPLES OF WOODFORDIA FRUTICOSA (L.) KURZ- AN IMPORTANT AYURVEDIC PLANTAbstract
Raw herbal samples used in the herbal medicine industry need to be properly identified for use in an herbal preparation. Plant parts of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz belonging to the Lythraceae family, apart from some commercial uses, is known for its medicinal value in ethno medicines and various Indian traditional medicine systems, including Ayurveda. Flowers are reported high trade value (2000-5000 MT), are used in some Ayurvedic formulations such as Atisara, Raktapitta, Trsna, Vrana, Visarpa, Arjunarishta (Parthadyarishta), and Partharishtam. The present study aimed at botanical characterization and identification of raw leaf, flower, and stem bark herbal samples of Woodfordia fruticosa. Macroscopic and microscopic characters were studied using stereomicroscope and compound microscope. The morpho-anatomical description was provided for flower, leaf, and stem bark samples. Anatomical study of a leaf with a crescent-shaped vascular bundle, three different types of trichomes, and bark with linearly arranged rosette crystals crossing uniseriate medullary rays longitudinally were observed as characteristic features. Powder organoleptic and microscopic characters were described for each studied herbal sample. Characters compiled in the present study can be used as reference standards for future identification of raw leaf, flower, and stem bark samples of Woodfordia fruticosa.
P. Kumar, K. Singh, Z. Batool, J. F. Lone and S. Gairola *
Plant Science Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
03 March 2021
28 March 2021
30 March 2021
31 March 2021