AQER QERHA (ANACYCLUS PYRETHRUM DC.) A NOBEL DRUG OF UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE-A REVIEWAbstract
Aqer Qerha (Anacyclus pyrethrum DC.), family Asteraceae is a perennial, procumbent herb, native to North Africa and Arab countries and in India, it is found in the Himalayas, Jammu and Kashmir, and North India. In Unani System of Medicine, it is an effective remedy for the treatment of a variety of diseases. The plant roots are reported for muhallil-e-awram (anti-inflammatory), muqawwi-e-bah (anabolic & aphrodisiac) Moqawwi and moharrik-e-aasab (tonic and stimulant of nerves) and used for laqwa (facial paralysis), falij (hemiplegia), sara (epilepsy), loosening of teeth, isterkha-e-luhat (flaccidity of uvula) and luknat-e-zuban (stammering), single as well as its compound formulations like gargle, decoction, liniment, majun, oil etc. The roots contain a colorless crystalline acid-amide known as pellitorine (pyrethrins) possesses an intensely pungent taste and produces a sialogogue effect, The other phytoconstituents reported in the plant include N-isobutyldienediynamide, polysaccharides hydrocarolin, inulin, traces of volatile oil and seasamin.
M. A. Kalam *, M. S. Karim, M. A. Anzar, G. Sofi, G. Ahmad and A. Shahzad
Department of Pharmacology, A. F. U. M. C, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
29 December 2014
21 January 2015
27 February 2015
01 March 2015