ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND PHYTOCHEMICALS ANALYSIS OF CASSIA FISTULA LINN. FRUIT PULP EXTRACTSAbstract
Cassia fistula Linn. (Family Leguminosae, Subfamily Caesalpinia), a very common Indian plant is known for its medicinal properties. This plant is also known as Indian Laburnum, Yellow shower because of its characteristic yellow flowers in pendulous raceme and with typical branches. It is a native of Tropical Asia. It is widely cultivated in South Africa, Mexico, East Africa, and Brazil. This plant is used in folk medicine for tumors of the abdomen, glands, liver and throat cancer. It is also used to cure burns, constipation, convulsions, diarrhea, dysuria, and epilepsy. Ayurvedic medicines recognize as carminative and laxative. It is also used to cure leprosy, skin diseases and syphilis. Phytochemical investigations prove its importance as an important, valuable medicinal plant. C. fistula is known to be an important source of secondary metabolites notably phenolic compounds. It is known as a rich source of tannins, flavonoids, and glycosides. Pharmacological activities include antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifertility, anti-inflammatory antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antitumor, antifungal activities. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of morphology, traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological activities.
J. Anitha * and S. Miruthula
Department of Biotechnology, Arunai Engineering College Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India.
02 December 2013
13 February 2014
28 February 2014
01 March 2014