A REVIEW ON EXTRACTION METHODS OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM KAFFIR LIME (CITRUS HYSTRIX) LEAVESAbstract
Kaffir lime or “limaupurut,” which are the common names for Citrus hystrix (C. hystrix), is a popular traditional herbal plant and an essential herb in Asian countries. C. hystrix was native to the Indonesian island known as Sumbawa; then, its cultivation was expanded to Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and other tropical countries in the Asian region. C. hystrix contains phenolic compounds and essential oil, and the rarity of its essential oil makes it a precious product in many industries. The essential oil is extracted from C. hystrix leaves using a few extraction methods; however, the best extraction methods up until now have yet to be ascertained. This narrative review paper highlights several extraction methods which determined the final yield of C. hystrix leaves ‘essential oil and the comparison of advantages and disadvantages between each method. This review paper also covers the pre-treatment procedures as it is also an important element that affects the final yield. Essentially, each of the extraction and pre-treatment methods has its own pros and cons, and consequently, choosing a suitable technique depends on the demand and requirement of the producer.
M. Mohideen *, M. I. HazmieIdris, N. S. Z. Abidin and N. A. Kamaruzaman
Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Universiti Kuala Lumpur - Royal College of Medicine Perak (UniKL-RCMP), Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
30 December 2020
21 February 2021
27 February 2021
28 February 2021