A REVIEW ON ECHINACEA PURPUREA L. (PURPLE CONEFLOWER) BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS USED AS TRUCULENTAbstract
Echinacea purpurea L. is an herbaceous flowering plant. It is found in eastern and central North America. E. purpurea acts as antiviral and anti-inflammatory components include polyphenols such as polyvinylpolypyrroliodone (PVPP), poly-saccharides, glycoproteins, cichoric acid (2, 3-O-dicaffeoyl-tartaric acid), alkylamides and caffeic acid derivatives. These compounds help in a direct virucidal activity such as influenza virus A and B, Para-influenza viruses, Corona viruses and Adenoviruses and anti-inflammatory effects against several respiratory diseases, affects on the proinflammatory response of epithelial cells and reduction of mucin by airways cells these bioactive compounds are characterized for further, improvements in the efficacy of Echinacea purpurea.