A REVIEW OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTION METHODS OF SAPONIN GLYCOSIDES FROM SAPINDUS EMARGINATUSAbstract
Sapindus emarginatus Vahl. is extensively used in Indian traditional and folklore medicines to cure various human ailments. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the leaves revealed the presence of saponins, terpenoids, tannins, acids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, and sugars. Saponin applications were observed due to various biological, medicinal, and pharmaceutical actions. Several other uses for Sapindus have also been reported, such as making arrows from wood and decorative objects from seeds. The presence of saponin glycosides in the plant parts produces many beneficial pharmacological actions. These Sapindus drugs contain different active constituents, which various methods of extraction and separation methods can isolate. The choice of extraction procedure depends on the nature of the plant material and the components to be isolated. Maceration extraction, Soxhlet extraction, and microwave-assisted extractions give the most effective extraction of saponins from Sapindus species. Hence, this present review article provides detailed information about the different isolation procedures of saponin glycosides.
C. R. Shibu Prasanth, M. L. Lal Prasanth, T. Jarshina Minnath and A. Anu Jagajith *
Dr. Moopens College of Pharmacy, Wayanad, Kerala, India.
27 November 2022
22 January 2023
28 January 2023
31 January 2023