Volume 3 (2016) - Issue 5, May
PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF LIPPIA GENUS WITH A STATEMENT ON CHEMOTAXONOMY AND ESSENTIAL OIL CHEMOTYPES
Lippia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Verbenaceae family. It contains about 220 species with diverse ethnopharmacological applications. Myriad of biologically active phytoconstituents abound in Lippia. The essential oil chemotypes found in Lippia species included myrcenone rich-type, carvone rich-type, piperitenone rich-type, ipsenone rich-type, linalool rich-type, citral rich-typ...
The genus Tribulus belongs to family Zygophyllaceae comprises approximately 25 species which grow as prostrate hairy herbs in tropical and warm regions. In this review, the literature data on phytochemical investigations of the Tribulus terrestris are compiled. The well-recognized groups of secondary metabolites were sterols, alkaloids, flavonoids, and steroidal saponins....
The crude extracts from stem tuber and leaf of Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes in different solvents, were subjected to physicochemical, fluorescence analysis, phytochemical and antimicrobial study. The microscopic analysis revealed that B. oleracea showed stone cells and calcium oxalate prisms. The ash value was high 7.88 % in B. Oleracea. The fluorescent analysis at 366 nm of B. oleracea under...
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PROCESSED TWO DIFFERENT GERMPLASM OF MUCUNA PRURIENS (VELVET BEANS)
The present study deals with the qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemical and proximate analysis of seed extract of two different germplasms of Mucuna black and white colored seeds (BCS & WCS) were investigated. Between the two seeds studied, the black colored seed which is in raw form registered higher efficiency in proximate composition as well as phytochemical when compared to...
The stem of Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb. (Rubiaceae) was evaluated for its pharmacognostic characteristics. The stem was assessed for its macroscopic, organoleptic, microscopic and phytochemical characters. The macroscopic study revealed variation in color of the stem when fresh and dried. The macroscopic evaluation was studied with parameters viz. color, odor, shape, and surface in fresh and dr...
Polygonum flaccidum (Polygonaceae) is an annual herb widely distributed in Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and Afghanistan. Objectives of the present study were to determine antioxidant, anthelmintic, cytotoxic, insecticidal and antibacterial activities of methanol extract of P. flaccidum. Antioxidant activity in terms of free radical scavenging ability was determined by DPPH free radical sc...