ETHNOMEDICINAL, PHYTOCONSTITUENTS AND PHYTOPHARMACOLOGY OF BOMBAX CEIBA L. A REVIEWAbstract
Medicinal plant is the basic and most significant part of the traditional medicinal system. The different plant contains medicinal properties, also known as an herbal plant. Bombax ceiba L. plant of the Bombacaceae family shows much Pharmacological activity. It is also called as Kate Savar and Semal. It is a native plant in western Africa. It is naturally obtained in Pakistan, India, and Myanmar. Bombax ceiba L. is a big and tall tree with a height of approximately 30m and having a diameter of 58 to78 cm. It grows in a straight direction with having a cylindrical stem and wide base. Bombax ceiba L. contains principal constituents that are tannin and glycosides which are present in part of the leaf and stem. The part of the stem shows the presence of some lupeol and b-sitosterol, and the leaf shows the presence of alkaloid. The root bark contains the 3 naphthalene derivatives. Bombax ceiba L. shows many pharmacological properties. The stem bark of the plant is used for a wound. Thorn of a plant used in different formulation to treat acne problem. Androecium is used for food purposes. The leaf shows Antidiarrheal property. Root used for the treatment of Piles. Bark contains lupeol, saponins, tannins, gums and 4, 5, 7- trihydroxyflavone-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1-4)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, n-hexacosanol. Root bark contains lactone and ether. The seed contains palmitic acid and flower contains polysaccharide. Leaves contain Shamimin. This review paper provides an overview on Pharmacological, Phytomedicinal properties of the plant.