CURRENT REVIEW ON BIOTECHNOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SIMAROUBA GLAUCA-AN OIL YIELDING PLANT.Abstract
Simarouba glauca is one of the important herbal drugs used against dysentery and has a long history in herbal medicine in many countries. The bark and leaf extract of Simarouba is well known for its different types of pharmacological properties such as hemostatic, antihelminthic, antiparasitic, antidysenteric, antipyretic and anti-cancerous. The bark is used to cure fever, malaria, stomach and bowel disorders, haemorrhages, amoebiasis as well as leaf, fruit pulp and seeds are possessing medicinal properties such as analgesic, antimicrobial, antiviral, astringent emmenagogue, stomachic tonic, and vermifuge. The crushed seeds are used as Antigo against snake bites. The crude drug contents and active principles such as glaucarubin, quassinoids, ailanthinone, benzoquinone, holacanthone, melamine, simaroubidin, simarolide, simarubin, simarubolide, sitosterol. These are mainly involved in the pharmacological activities of this plant. The present review summarizes pharmacological, biotechnological, ethnobotanical phytochemical aspects as well as nursery practices of this medicinal plant.
A. Kumar *, G. Tyagi, S. Sharma, V. Kumar and R. Pundir
Department of Bioscience, Shri Ram College Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
15 July 2014
18 October 2014
15 November 2014
01 December 2014