DESCRIPTION OF APIUM GRAVEOLENS (TUKHM KARAFS) IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE AND WESTERN PERSPECTIVE -AN APPRAISALAbstract
Apium graveolens Linn. is an indigenous herb that belongs to the family of Apiaceae. In Unani System of Medicine, this plant is commonly known as Karafs, and it is used to treat numerous diseases (Sue mizaj Jigar, Zofe Isteha, Yarqan, Sudda Jigar, Wajaul mafasil, Simane mufrit, Sartan, Hisate Gurdah, Falij was Istirkha, Niqras, etc.). Various studies have revealed that Karafs plays a vital role in the prevention of cardiac problems, lowering serum glucose level and derangement occurs in the lipids, normalize the blood pressure and vigor the heart. There are some active chemical constituents documented such as apigenin, apiein, vitamins A and C which play antioxidant and immunomodulatory activity. The whole plant is used for medicinal purposes. This article demonstrates morphological features, Unani description, active chemical constituents, Unani formulations, scientific reports, and appraisal of the therapeutic properties of this precious medicinal herb.
N. Ahmed, S. Husain *, F. Nasreen and M. A. Alam
Department of Ilmul Advia, AGUMC, Akkalkuwa, Maharashtra, India
01 September 2015
20 November 2015
29 November 2015
30 November 2016