Butea monosperma (Family: Fabaceae). This is a moderate sized deciduous tree which is widely distributed throughout India, Burma and Ceylon, popularly known as 'dhak' or 'palas,' commonly known as ‘Flame of the forest’. The family Fabaceae compromises of 630 genera and 18,000 species. It finds use both medicinally and commercially with each part of the plant having utility. This plant species ...
In the present study, the photochemistry of fluoroquinolone antibiotic drug-besifloxacin (1) was investigated under mild conditions similar to those encountered in biological systems namely aerobic as well as an anaerobic condition with UV-A light. When besifloxacin (1) was irradiated with a high-pressure mercury lamp under aerobic conditions it afforded 7-(2-Amino-5-oxo-pentylamino)-8-chloro-1-cy...
Since, the middle ages, essential oils have been widely used for bactericidal, fungicidal, insecticidal, virucidal, cosmetic and medicinal applications, especially nowadays in agriculture, food, sanitary and pharmaceutical industries. Distillation is the common mode of extraction used for aromatic plants, which results in a variety of volatile molecules such as terpenes, terpenoids, aliphatic comp...
Objective: The study was designed to explore the antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant potential of Jatropha curcas Linn. (J. curcas) stem bark extract. Materials and Methods: The chemotherapeutic action was measured in the crude extract using agar well diffusion method. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of different extracts were tested against two gram-positive and nine gram negati...
Vitamins are essential components of any diet and diet deficient in vitamins is the prime reason for malnutrition. In the present investigation, essential oil fractions isolated from foliages and tender shoots of few Apiaceae members commonly used as spices, vegetable, and flavoring agents were involved in phytochemical diversity analysis. GC-MS fingerprinting of the essential oil fractions isolat...
EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITY ON n-BUTANOL FRACTION OF LEAF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES (AMARYLLIDACAE) IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The aim of the present study to evaluate the anti-diabetic activity of methanolic extract n-butanol fraction of Curculigo orchioides (Amaryllidaceae) against in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Fractions were administrated orally at 200 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg for 3weeks. The effects were compared with an oral dose of 10 mg/kg of glibenclamide. Blood glucose levels are a determination by GOD-POD ...
The qualitative estimation of herbal formulation Lohasava, is of principal importance to justify their adequacy in the present system of medicine. One of the key problems which are faced by the herbal drug industry is the unavailability of rigid quality control profiles for herbal materials and their formulations. Regulatory bodies have such as WHO, AYUSH, ICH, etc., had laid down the standardizat...
IN-VIVO ANTI-PLASMODIAL ACTIVITY OF HAGENIA ABYSSINICA [FAMILY: ROSACEAE] IN PLASMODIUM BERGHEI INFECTED IN MICE
Malaria is a significant public health problem in the world, and the rising problem of drug resistance and the availability of a limited number of effective anti-malarial drugs underline how essential it is to find new anti-malarial agents. This study was undertaken to evaluate the in-vivo antimalarial activities of an extract of Hagenia abyssinica that is used traditionally to treat malaria in Et...
IN-VITRO GERMINATION AND SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS VIA TISSUE CULTURE STUDIES OF TAVERNIERA CUNEIFOLIA (ROTH) ARN.
Taverniera cuneifolia (Roth) Arn. licorice of India comprises similar phytochemical constituents majorly the Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) that of plant Glycyrrhiza glabra L. but has been least studied in terms of their commercial applications. GA from the root extracts of T. cuneifolia exhibits promising anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and anti-germ tube formation protection and other cytotoxic activitie...
Kydia calycina, a member of the Malvaceae family known as Pulao, Boranga, or Pula, has been reported for its traditional uses as a medicinal plant. The presence of potentially active nutrients and their multifunctional properties make Kydia calycina leaves, root, bark, and stem perfect candidates for the production of phytopharmaceutical products. It is used traditionally as a remedy in differen...