PHARMACOGNOSTIC, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF MARTYNIYA ANNUA LEAVES LINN. (FAMILY: MARTYNIACEAE)
The present research was conducted to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of methanolic extracts of plants of Martynia annua. (Family: Martyniaceae) The anti-inflammatory activity of the methanolic extracts of the Martynia annua at the dose of 50, 100, 200 mg/kg body weight was evaluated against the standard drug - pentazocine at a dose of 25 mg/kg body weight. Adult Swiss albino mice of ei...
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ON ISOLATED SMOOTH MUSCLE, PERFUSED HEART, BLOOD PRESSURE AND DIURESIS IN RATS
The plant Withania somnifera has many acclaimed medicinal uses. This work aims to explore the efficacy of the aqueous extract (AE) of W. somnifera on the isolated trachea and aorta rings, perfused heart, blood pressure and diuresis in rats. Phytochemical analysis of the whole plant of W. somnifera was carried out using standard extraction procedures followed by column chromatography. An aqueous ex...
From ancient times, various natural products are used as food and as medicine for the treatment of diseases. In the last few decades, herbal medicine has been used in the field of medicine because of its natural origin and lesser side effects. One such medicinal plant is Juglans regia (Family: Juglandaceae). The plant is also known as Persian walnut, English walnut, white walnut, or in common know...
EFFICACY OF NEWER INSECTICIDES ON PLANT GROWTH ATTRIBUTES OF GARDEN PEA PISUM SATIVUM SSP. HORTENSE L.
A field study was conducted at the Vegetable Research Farm, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, during rabi season 2016-2017 for the evaluation of newer insecticides (Imidacloprid 600 FS and Thiamethoxam 30 % FS) on plant growth characters of a garden pea. The two insecticides were applied as a seed treatment in different doses. The result of bio-efficiency revealed that the seed treatment with Tâ...
Bauhinia Variegata Linn. is a widely used medicinal plant distributed in the tropical regions throughout the world. Its various part i.e. flowers, flower buds, stem, roots, stem bark, seeds, leaves have been used since ancient times for the treatment of a large range of diseases such as dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, piles, oedema, laxative, anthelmintic, astringent, antileprotic, wound heali...
The Characean alga, Chara zeylanica was experimentally exposed to Cadmium ion concentrations ranging from 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 ppb for 7 days. The ultrastructural studies and TEM X-ray microanalysis were performed on the alga exposed to 10 ppb cadmium ion concentration after 7 days of the treatment period. A fine structural examination of the cells revealed that in Cd-treated cells, the cell wall sho...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND FRACTIONATION OF MOMORDICA CHARANTIA LINN. FRUIT TO SHOW ANTIHYPERGLYCAEMIC ACTIVITY
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder in the endocrine system. This dreadful disease is found in all parts of the world and is becoming a serious threat to mankind health. There are lots of chemical agents available to control and to treat diabetic patients, but total recovery from diabetes has not been reported up to this date. An alternative to these synthetic agents, plants provide a potent...
The present study was undertaken to evaluate antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of Aloe vera (A. vera, Ghee-kuwar; family: Liliaceae) extract against alloxan-induced diabetes in male adult Charles foster rats to scientifically validate its use against diabetes. A. vera extract and a standard drug (glibenclamide) prepared in aqueous gum acacia (2%, w/v) suspension and fed orally to alloxan ind...
IN VITRO AND IN VIVO TOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS FROM BENINESE PLANTS: SENNA SIAMEA LEAVES AND SARCOPCEPHALUS LATIFOLUS STEM ROOTS
The toxicity of aqueous extracts of S. siamea leaves, S. latifolius roots collected in Benin and their mixture (1/1, w/w), was evaluated on female non-pregnant rats, Albino wistar genus. They were treated for two weeks, with various extracts administered by the oral way at 2000 mg/kg body weight. The biochemical parameters were determinate, histological analysis of the rats was done, and the urina...
ANTIPROLIFERATIVE ACTIVITY OF THREE WILD GROWING SPECIES IN TUNISIA: NICOTIANA GLAUCA, ARTEMISIA CAMPESTRIS AND ASTRAGALUS GOMBO
Tunisian flora contains several wild plants with diverse therapeutic uses. As a contribution to the efforts to select natural sources of antitumor compounds, we investigated in this study the antiproliferative activity of several extracts of the Tunisian species: Astragalus gombo, Nicotiana glauca and Artemisia campestris. Dried aerial part (A. gombo and A. campestris) and leaves (N. glauca) were ...