ASSESSMENT OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF GENDARUSSA VULGARIS LEAVES EXTRACT IN MICE
In folk medicine, Gendarussa vulgaris Nees (Acanthaceae) is used for the treatment of pain, fever, asthma, rheumatism, colic’s, arthritis, jaundice, inflammation, cephalgia, eczema, diarrhea, wounds, dyspepsia. The present study was designed to evaluate for its safety as well as anti-inflammatory and neuro-pharmacological activities of ethyl acetate extract of Gendarussa vulgaris leaves (EAGVL) ...
ASSESSMENT OF MALATHION INDUCED TOXICITY IN DATTAPHRYNUS MELANOSTICTUS TADPOLES: A BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION
Environmental pollutants apart from other factors like habitat loss and interventions of invasive species, is regarded as a likely cause towards a worldwide decline in amphibian population. The present study attempts to elucidate the toxicity of commercially formulated malathion (MAT) by investigating biochemical aspects in Dattaphrynus melanostictus tadpoles. Three sublethal concentrations of MAT...
Rhodiola rosea is a plant that has become more popular due to its multiple benefits and less side effects. It has become more famous due to its adaptogenic properties. This herb has been used from a long time by Greeks (77 CE), Chinese, Russians, Monglions, Germans, and some parts of middle Asia for different purposes. In this review article, we have collected some detailed information about multi...
Spirulina platensis is a blue-green alga that widely used as a food supplement over worldwide. Two models were used to study the effects of Spirulina platensis on nociception which was induced by acetic acid (Writhing test), formalin (Paw licking test). Spirulina platensis was administered in the dose range of 200 and 400 mg/kg orally 1 h before pain induction. Spirulina platensis contains β-caro...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disease which has several complications including diabetic nephropathy, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. It has been estimated that by the year 2010, the prevalence of DM worldwide will reach approximately 240 million. Despite considerable progress in the management of diabetes mellitus by synthetic drugs, the search for indigenous and diabeti...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives," there is the need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection, and experimentation. They thus constitute an accu...
EVALUATION OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ETHANOL AND CHLOROFORM EXTRACTS OF WILD AND MICROPROPAGATED CLEOME VISCOSA LINN.
Herbal medicines are now creature in modern dosage forms using modern manufacture in and processing techniques in the pharmaceutical industry. Antioxidants assuage oxidative stress in cells and thereby help in the prevention and treatment of many diseases of humans. This study aimed to assess the antioxidant activity of ethanol and chloroform extracts of wild and micro-propagated Cleome viscosa. D...
Cancer is one of the most common reasons for mortality worldwide. Leukemia as one type of cancer is a serious threat to human. Although there are many synthetic drugs to treat leukemia, but the use of them is limited due to a side effect, therefore there is a dire need to find a promising solution. Herbs and their compound can be promising candidates for control leukemia. In this study, we review ...
Introduction: Lichens are known for their ability to grow in a very harsh environment, on the other hand, it is proved that the more environmental stressors, the more phytochemicals are produced in plants and fungi. So, it is assumed that lichens contain a large amount of phytochemicals, which can be a great source of medicinally active compounds. Lichen extracts are served as therapeutic agents i...
The free radical scavenging activity of ethanolic root extract of Aporosa lindleyana (EREAL) was evaluated in-vitro with the spectrophotometric method based on the inhibition of hydroxyl radical, the reduction of stable DPPH free radical, inhibition of superoxide anion radical, total antioxidant activity and reducing power. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of phenolic compou...