COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY (PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM ROXB., AZADIRACHTA INDICA A. JUSS., TRICHOSANTHES DIOICA ROXB., SYZYGIUM CUMINI LINN. AND MOMORDICA CHARANTIA LINN.)
Diabetes mellitus is becoming a threat to the world’s population as it is spreading like an epidemic. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Trichosanthes dioica Roxb., S. cumini Linn. and M. charantia Linn. are well known for their properties in the management of diabetes. In recent times, there has been significant growth in the field of Ayurvedic medicines because of their ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ON ISOLATED SMOOTH MUSCLE, PERFUSED HEART, BLOOD PRESSURE AND DIURESIS IN RATS
The plant Withania somnifera has many acclaimed medicinal uses. This work aims to explore the efficacy of the aqueous extract (AE) of W. somnifera on the isolated trachea and aorta rings, perfused heart, blood pressure and diuresis in rats. Phytochemical analysis of the whole plant of W. somnifera was carried out using standard extraction procedures followed by column chromatography. An aqueous ex...
DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOYA PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE COMPLEX OF COUMESTANS FROM ECLIPTA ALBA FOR THE EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF HEPATOTOXICITY
It is known that Eclipta alba Hassk. (Family: Compositae) contains coumestans (Wedelolactone and dimethyl wedelolactone) are used in liver disorders. The objective of the present investigation was to develop a novel formulation of these coumestans in combination with the soya phosphatidylcholine (PC), to overcome the limitation of absorption and to investigate the protective effect of the coumesta...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF THE ROOT TUBERS OF CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES GAERTN.
India is well known as the emporium of medicinal plants harboring many plants of medicinal importance, of which Curculios orchioides is one that has been reported to possess medicinal importance for the treatment of various diseases traditionally as well as scientifically. An attempt was made herein to undertake a detailed pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical investigation of the root t...
NUTRITIONAL AND MICROBIAL ANALYTICAL STUDY OF VEDIC LIQUID ORGANIC MANURE CUM PESTICIDE KUNAPAJALA WITH DIFFERENT STORAGE TIME INTERVAL
A study on nutritional and microbial analysis of Kunapajala with different storage interval was conducted in the Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry and Department of Plant Pathology, UBKV, Coochbehar - 736165, West Bengal during March 2019. The motive of this work was to estimate the physicochemical properties, macro, and micronutrient content, and various microbial load of Ku...
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder in which blood glucose level decrease. Due to this disease, various complications are arises including retinopathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and neuropathy. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition includes Type 1 DM, Type 2 DM and gestatational diabetes, which occurs in pregnancy. For the management of DM various system of medicine is used, fr...
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF DILTIAZEM VERSUS ALPHA TOCOPHEROL ON RETINAL DEGENATION IN RABBITS
Disturbance in retinal blood supply can have an effect on the supply of oxygen and the substrates which leads to retinal ischemia, the result is irreversible, ischemic and apoptotic cascades resulting in cell death. The present study was conducted to study the protective effects of diltiazem and vitamin E "alpha-tocopherol," against degenerative ischaemic retinal changes induced by Middle Cerebral...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM AERIAL PARTS OF MENTHA PIPERITA AND MENTHA ARVENSIS
The present study deals with the chemistry and antifungal activity of essential oil (EO) of two species of Mentha viz. Mentha piperita and Mentha arvensis which was extracted using Clevenger-type apparatus. The percent yield of EO of M. arvensis (2.8%) was found higher than M. piperita (2.1%). Compositional analysis of M. piperita and M. arvensis EO oil by GC-MS revealed the presence of 51 and 35 ...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA A. JUSS ROOT FROM DIKKO, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
Azadirachta indica (A. indica) belongs to the family Meliaceae. Various parts of the plant, including root, are used as a drug for various ailments, including malaria. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical composition of essential oil (EO) of the root of A. indica collected from North Central Nigeria. The root essential oil of Azadirachta indica was obtained by using hydrodistill...
Aqueous and ethanol-ethyl acetate chloroform-methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma, and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100 mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentrati...