This study was aimed to investigate the analgesic activity of the different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. Analgesic activity was evaluated for peripheral pharmacological actions using the acetic acid-induced writhing test in Swiss albino mice. The result of preliminary phytochemical screening reveals that different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. contains alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins...
16 different bacteria were isolated from soil collected from and near Aurangabad city. All of the isolates were screened for L-asparaginase activity using modified M-9 medium. Spectro-photometric determination of L-asparaginase was done, and it was partially purified using ammonium sulphate precipitation. Out of the bacterial species screened only two were found to be producers of L-asparaginase. ...
The aim of the present study is the phytochemical screening of gum of Curcuma amada (Mango ginger). Natural gums are economic, easily available and found useful as a tablet binder. The phytochemical properties of a gum obtained from the rhizomes of Curcuma amada were characterized by various test including a test for steroids, tannins, flavonoids, amino acids, carbohydrates, and glycosides. All of...
THE EFFECT OF CHLOROFORM EXTRACT OF GERMAN CHAMOMILE (MATRICARIA RECUTITA) ON ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTED MICE
Emergence of new strains of Escherichia coli with the ability of resistance to a wide range of antibiotics necessitates the efforts to search alternatives for better treatments to deal with these infections. Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbs in the world. In this study, we investigated the potential therapeutic effects of chamomile chloroform extract on E. coli intraperitoneal (IP) in...
Kandangkathiri Kirutham (ghee of Solanum xanthocarpum) is a Siddha herbal formulation mentioned in Siddha textbook for the treatment of Ullnaakku Azharchi (Tonsillitis). It contains leaf juice of Kandangkathiri (Solanum xanthocarpum), cow’s ghee, the paste of raw drugs namely Sittrarathai (Alpinia officinarum), Sittramutti (Sida cordifolia), Nerunjil ver (Tribulus terrestris), Chukku (Zingiber o...
PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND NATURAL PRODUCT INVESTIGATIONS OF ESSENTIAL OIL AND VARIOUSLY EXTRACTED MEDICINALLY USEFUL MATERIALS FROM THE RHIZOMES OF ALPINIA SPECIOSA K. SCHUM.
Essential oil isolated from the rhizomes of Alpinia speciosa K. Schum. by hydrodistillation has a yield of 0.69 percent by weight. Light yellow oil from Alpinia speciosa has a spicy odor; specific gravity 0.8577; optical rotation +6o30′. Acid and saponification values are also determined and reported. Extractions of medicinally useful materials separately through solvents of decreasing polaritie...
The crude extracts from stem tuber and leaf of Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes in different solvents, were subjected to physicochemical, fluorescence analysis, phytochemical and antimicrobial study. The microscopic analysis revealed that B. oleracea showed stone cells and calcium oxalate prisms. The ash value was high 7.88 % in B. Oleracea. The fluorescent analysis at 366 nm of B. oleracea under...
ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF CRUDE WATER EXTRACT OF VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES (GRAMINEAE) IN MICE WITH ACETAMINOPHEN INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY
Acetaminophen (APAP) is widely used as an analgesic and antipyretic drug. The large dose of APAP results in severe hepatic necrosis due to the oxidative stress. This work evaluates the antioxidant activity of crude water extract of Vetiveria zizanioides roots against a single dose of APAP induced acute hepatotoxicity. Mice were treated with 300 mg/kg of APAP dissolved in saline and fasted for 16 h...
Aims: Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Vitex negundo leaves extract (VNE) were evaluated in the animal models. The VNE was evaluated for the phytochemical analysis. Settings and Design: Factorial design was used for the experimental models. Methods and Material: The analgesic effects at graded doses of VNE (40-320 mg/kg, p.o.) were evaluated in mice against acetic acid-induced writhing (...
ASSESSMENT OF ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF CROTALARIA PALLIDA (AITON)
The ethanol leaves extract of Crotalaria pallida (Aiton) was evaluated to investigate the Phytochemical nature and some selected pharmacological activities. The plant extract indicated the presence of combined reducing sugar, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids and steroids. The extract showed free radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 37.60 µg/ml, and standard ascorbic acid sh...