Elimination and Eradication is an important component of the Global Strategy for combating malaria, and one of the ways of achieving this purpose is blocking the transmission of malaria parasites from humans to mosquito vectors. The ability of Plasmodium to cease asexual replication in the erythrocytes of the human host and commit to the formation of gametes necessary for sexual replication in the...
Spirulina platensis is a blue-green alga that widely used as a food supplement over worldwide. Two models were used to study the effects of Spirulina platensis on nociception which was induced by acetic acid (Writhing test), formalin (Paw licking test). Spirulina platensis was administered in the dose range of 200 and 400 mg/kg orally 1 h before pain induction. Spirulina platensis contains β-caro...
EFFECTIVITY OF STARVATION ON DIGESTIVE ENZYME OF FEMALE HOLOTRICHIA SERRATA (FAB) (COLEOPTERA: SCARABAEIDAE)
The effect of starvation on the digestive enzymes of female Holotrichia serrata (Fab) shows that there are considerable general reductions in enzymatic activities except in a lipase in both gut sections; however there are considerable increases of soluble proteins, both the gut section homogenates of the starved female. The maximum reduction of protease is 83% in a hindgut and 86% in the midgut fo...
EVALUATION OF DAMAGE CAUSED BY BRUCHUS PISORUM L. ON SOME PARAMETERS RELATED TO SEED QUALITY OF PEA CULTIVARS
It was evaluated the damage caused by Bruchus pisorum on the germination ability of pea forage cultivars. Result of damage in seeds with parasitized larva was significant decrease of the germination by 16.4% percentage points, the length and weight of primary radicle by 16.8 and 24.5%, the length and weight of plumule by 12.3 and 14.1%, the vigor index of primary radicle and plumule by 32.5 and 32...
Cocoa and chocolate can also be rich sources of flavonoids. Flavanols isolated from cocoa exhibit strong antioxidant properties in-vitro. Flavanol-rich cocoa and chocolate increased plasma antioxidant capacity and reduced platelet reactivity. Flavonoids are phenolic substances isolated from a wide range of vascular plants, almost over 8000 individual compounds known. They act in plants as antioxid...
Herbs have been widely used for centuries as remedies for diseased human conditions as they have certain phytochemicals of diseases curing nature. The present study explains the antimicrobial (antibacterial & antifungal) potential of dried stem wood of Cissuspallida methanolic extract against bacterial strains of Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli,...
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in the different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n-hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial ...
This study was aimed to investigate the analgesic activity of the different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. Analgesic activity was evaluated for peripheral pharmacological actions using the acetic acid-induced writhing test in Swiss albino mice. The result of preliminary phytochemical screening reveals that different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. contains alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins...
BIOSYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER AND GOLD NANOPARTICLES USING AQUEOUS STEM EXTRACT OF ALHAGI MAURORUM
Green synthesis is a cheaper, clean, nontoxic route for the synthesis of large scale nanoparticles without the use of high energy, pressure, temperature, and toxic chemicals. With the help of microbial enzyme and plant extract nanoparticles are easily synthesized by utilizing their antioxidant and reducing properties. In the present study, biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles by utilizing...
Dregea volubilis (L.f.) Benth. Ex Hook. f. is a large twinning shrub belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. The leaf is amphistomatic with tetracytic, anomocytic, paracytic stomata. The sides of the leaf in the surface are straight to curved, surface striated on either side. The mesophyll is interspersed with sphaerocrystalliferous idioblasts. Midvein consists of a single arcuate vascular bundle,...