PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF MORINGA OLEIFERAAbstract
Moringa oleifera can grow well in the humid tropics or hot dry lands, can survive destitute soils, and is little affected by drought. It tolerates a wide range of rainfall with minimum annual rainfall requirements estimated at 250 mm and maximum at over 3000 mm and a pH of 5.0–9.0. Moringa leaves have been reported to be a rich source of b-carotene, protein, vitamin C, calcium and potassium and act as a good source of natural antioxidants; and thus enhance the shelf-life of fat containing foods due to the presence of various types of antioxidant compounds such as ascorbic acid, flavonoids, phenolics and carotenoids. In the Philippines, it is known as ‘mother’s best friend’ because of its utilization to increase woman’s milk production and is sometimes prescribed for anemia. Moringa oleifera has both nutritional and multimedicinal activity. Some of medicinal effects includes antimicrobial, antifungal, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, antihyperglycemic, antipyretic, wound healing, antitumor, anticancer, antiinflammatory and for purification of water. Since Moringa oleifera can survive drought condition and its diet content is superior to vitamins and even than milk in protein content its nutritional benefit is indivisible. However, more rigorous study is required in order to achieve a level of proof required for full biomedical endorsement of Moringa oleifera.
Alemayehu Toma* and Serawit Deyno
Pharmacology Unit, School of medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
05 January, 2014
27 February, 2014
30 March, 2014
01 April, 2014