PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDIES ON MEDICINAL AND NUTRITIONAL SEEDS OF JACK FRUIT: ARTOCARPUS HETEROPHYLLUS LAM.Abstract
In the present day world the consumption of fruits, vegetables and natural diet for the prevention of certain diseases, in addition to their nutritional benefits is increased. Jack fruit is well known for its nutritional and therapeutic qualities for many years. The present communication deals on the macroscopical, microscopical, powder microscopical studies along with the preliminary phytochemical studies on the seeds of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. belonging to the family Moraceae. The study revealed the presence of abundant simple to compound starch grains and oil globules in the cotyledon region; powder study revealed the presence of abundant starch grains, spiral to helical xylem vessels, stone cells with broad lumen with the highly lignified wall, orange colored cork cells in surface view. Phytochemical studies revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, starch, flavonoids, saponins, phenols and alkaloids. Seeds are rich in protein, highly nutritious and have numerous culinary uses; starchy flour is also made out of seeds.
M. P. Reddy *, T. R. Shantha and S. Bhat
Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Metabolic Disorders, (CCRAS, Ministry of Ayush, Govt. of India), Ashoka Pillar, Jayanagar, Bangalore, India
08 August 2016
06 September 2016
26 September 2016
30 September 2016