PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS STEMAbstract
Objective: To study detailed pharmacognostic characters of the stem of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Oleaceae), along with their physico-chemical parameters, fluorescence analysis and phytochemical screening. Methods: The pharmacognostic characters were determined in terms of macroscopy, microscopy, powder microscopy, physicochemical analysis, fluorescence analysis and preliminary phytochemical investigation of plant stem. Results: The microscopic study shows the general characteristic of stem. Physico-chemical investigation shows the total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash were 8.69 ± 0.17% w/w, 0.21 ± 0.11% w/w, and 3.92 ± 0.05% w/w respectively. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of various phytochemical groups like alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, phenolic, tannins constituents. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the established pharmacognostic profile of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis stem will be helpful in developing pharmacopoeial standards for correct identification and quality control.
B. C. Joshi *, N. Chauhan, Sukanya and S. Uniyal
Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research, Balawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
16 February, 2018
25 March, 2018
30 March, 2018
01 June, 2018