NIGELLA SATIVA: A PLANT WITH MULTIPLE THERAPEUTIC IMPLICATIONSAbstract
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest in potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa has been broadly used throughout the world for the promotion of health and the treatment of many acute, as well as, chronic conditions for centuries. The seeds of Nigella sativa have rich biological active compounds, and are used as a natural remedy to treat various ailments since it has a variety of pharmacological properties, which include anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, immuno-potentiating actions, anti-cancer, analgesic, anti-histaminic, anti-microbial, hypoglycemic, gastroprotective, nephroprotective, lung protective, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective. This plant also has positive effects on the reproductive system and skin diseases. On the other side, adverse effects and toxicity about the use of Nigella sativa were rarely reported. An ingredient isolated from seeds and evaluated mostly is thymoquinone, but since the beneficial effects of seeds not limited to this compound and it appears the all compounds in the seeds act synergistically; in this article, an attempt that the effects of Nigella sativa are addressed. In this review, we summarize and discuss the effects of Nigella sativa seeds in the treatment and prevention of various diseases. This review is mainly intended to provide a comprehensive knowledge regarding existing data of the pharmacological and toxicological actions of this plant.
S. Darakhshan *, R. Tahvilian and A. H. Colagar
Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
26 January 2015
24 March 2015
28 April 2015
01 May 2015