IMPORTANCE OF PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA (LINN.): A REVIEWAbstract
Calotropis gigantea Linn. white (Asclepiadaceae), it is a weed plant commonly known as giant milkweed. It has one of the important traditional medicines to treat various ailments. The basic aim of this study to Calotropis gigantea is one such plant. In this review, the systematic position, introduction about the plant, morphological study, phytochemistry and the economical values of the Calotropis gigantea are discussed. Calotropis gigantea is a glabrous or hoary, laticiferous shrubs or small trees, it also known as “the swallow-wort or milkweed.” Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant. C. gigantea contains chemical constituents are cardenolides, flavonoids, terpenes, pregnanes, and nonprotein amino acid. The latex, leaves, flowers, bark, the root is also used as caustic, acrid, expectorant, depilatory, antihelmintic, useful in leprosy scabies ringworm of the scalp, piles, eruptions on the body, asthma, enlargement of spleen and liver, dropsy applied to painful joint swellings. This review gives a brief idea about its phytochemistry and pharmacological activity.
V. G. Gharge*, D. M. Ghadge, P.A. Shelar and A.V. Yadav
Gourishankar Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Satara, Maharashtra, India.
18 June 2017
22 August 2017
13 September 2017
01 November 2017