A REVIEW ON PHARMACOLOGICAL AND THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF ECHINACEAAbstract
The botanical supplement market is growing at a rapid rate and this trend is expected to continue to progress. In the world of Nutraceuticals Echinacea plant is widely used for medicinal and commercial purposes. This Native American herb has a remarkable record of clinical and laboratory study, as well a long history of medicinal use in the management of a variety of conditions. Phytomedicinal preparations from the genus of Echinacea are widely used for the prevention and the treatment of common cold and upper respiratory tract infections. However, most of the uses of Echinacea are based on the reported immunological properties; there is a large body of evidence, based on in vitro and animal studies, demonstrating that Echinacea possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-microbial properties. It has also been suggested that this plant is a potential therapeutic agent for cancer, diabetes and skin problems. From the other point of view, on the basis of the available safety data, Echinacea has little adverse effects and is well tolerated. This paper reviews the pharmacological properties of Echinacea genus and its individual active components.
Mostafa Ganjuri, Sara Darakhshan * and Fereidoun Taghizad
Department of Biology 2, Faculty of Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
26 January, 2017
20 April, 2017
25 April, 2017
01 May, 2017