The leaf of Verbena officinalis was collected, air dried under shed, powdered, soaked in and extracted with 80% methanol. The crude extract was tested for its in vitro antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E.coli using agar disc diffusion method. Antibacterial assay was made using extract concentrations of 250mg/ml, 500mg/ml, and 1000mg/ml. The extract showed a concentration dependent zone ...
HERBS AND HERBAL TEAS WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES COMPARABLE TO OR SUPERIOR THAN THOSE OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS
The antioxidant properties of 20 herbs and 28 herbal teas were analysed in comparison with those of Camellia sinensis based on total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRS) activity, ferric reducing power (FRP) and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) ability. The main objective was to find out if there are herbs and herbal teas with antioxidant properties comparable to or superior than those...
In this review, the current knowledge on the phytochemistry and pharmacology of Piper betle (betel), Piper sarmentosum (wild pepper) and Piper caninum (wild betel) is updated with some description of their botany and uses. Leaves of P. betle contain polyphenols, alkaloids and essential oils, and display broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, substantial quorum sensing inhibition and tyrosinase enh...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF LAGENERIA SICERARIA FOR ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY
Lageneria siceraria commonly known as Bottle gourd Syn. Doodhi , Syn.Lauki (Hindi )Kadoo ( Marathi) which is official in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Preliminary phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrates , Proteins etc and secondary metabolites like saponins , glycosides , alkaloids etc. in all the extracts but tannins were found absent i...
IN-VIVO STUDY OF ANTILITHIATIC ACTIVITY ON THE FRUITS EXTRACTS OF COCCINIA INDICA (WIGHT & ARN.) ETHYLENE GLYCOL INDUCED LITHIATIC IN RATS
Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of fruits Coccinia indica Wight & Arn. (Cucurbitaceae) on urolithiasis in rats. Materials & methods: Thirty-six male rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6). Ethylene glycol (EG) 0.75% in drinking water were fed to all groups (Groups II-VI) except normal control (Group I) rats for 15-28...
Strobilanthes sessilis Nees is small perennial shrub, found on Kas plateau of Western Ghats in India. Its standardized Marathi name is Mal Karvy. This shrub belongs to the genus Strobilanthes which was first scientifically described by Nees in the 19th century. Scientific information on its Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry is very scant. Hence the current study describes some Pharmacognostical, Physi...
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEED
Chenopodium album L. (familyChenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with other ...
DETERMINATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF EQUISETUM ARVENSE BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY METHOD
Equisetum arvense has a great medicinal value for its wound and burn healing properties. Traditionally, theplant is used by local people and Ayurvedic physicians mainly for its burn healing properties. The methanolic extract of Equisetum arvense was obtained by extraction. The present study focuses on the analysis of the methanol extract of Equisetum arvense by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry...
Flavonoids are common plant constituents used extensively in phytomedicine to treat a wide range of diseases. Many pharmacological evidences suggest that flavonoids may play an important role in the decreased risk of chronic diseases associated with a diet rich in plant-derived foods. Therefore, this article focuses on the chemistry, distribution and pharmacological properties of rhoifolin as one ...
The present study is part of continuing programme related to the antihelminthic activity and phytochemical screening of Andrographis Paniculata Nees (Kalmegh)and their enhanced potential on helminthes.The antihelminthic activity of the aqueous extract of Andrographis Paniculata Nees leaves against the adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma due to its anatomical and physiological resemblance wi...