PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO ACARICIDAL ACTIVITY OF THREE HERBAL EXTRACTS AGAINST CATTLE TICK BOOPHILUS DECOLORATUS
This study was designed to determine the acaricidal effect of Datura stramonium, Nicotiana glauca and Azadirachta indica herbal extracts against the common cattle tick Boophilus decolratous. Qualitative phytochemical analysis using standard techniques was also used to detect secondary metabolites contained in the selected herbs. The percent adult mortality and percentage inhibition of oviposition ...
THE STUDY OF POLYPHENOLIC COMPOUNDS PROFILE AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VITIS VINIFERA L. LEAVES FROM WESTERN REGIONS OF ALGERIA
Polyphenols are secondary metabolites found in all vascular plants. Red grapes are one of these plants rich in these substances. The main objective of this study was to trace the polyphenolic compounds profile of red grape leaves from various Western regions of Algeria and to study their antioxidant activity. A spectrophotometric assay of the main phenolic groups and a chromatographic assay by HPL...
EVALUATION OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CLITORIA TERNATEA HEPATO-PROTECTIVE AND NEPHROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY IN RATS
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the nephroprotective and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Clitoria ternatea in cisplatin and CCl4 induced in rats. Methods: Methanolic extract of aerial part of Clitoria ternatea plant was studied for its nephroprotective and hepatoprotective activity in animal experimental models. Nephrotoxicity was induced by cystone 16 mg/kg b...
STRUCTURAL DAMAGES ON THE TEGUMENT OF THE TAPEWORM RAILLIETINA TETRAGONA CAUSED BY ACACIA CAESIA STEM BARK EXTRACT
Acacia caesia L. (family Mimosaceae) is a well-known shrub in Southeast Asia, where the natives use it for a wide range of purposes. The Mizo tribes of India use the stem bark for the treatment of gastrointestinal infections. The present study is an attempt to elucidate structural changes on the tegument of chicken tapeworm Raillietina tetragona Molin. upon treatment with the methanol extract of A...
The crude extracts from stem tuber and leaf of Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes in different solvents, were subjected to physicochemical, fluorescence analysis, phytochemical and antimicrobial study. The microscopic analysis revealed that B. oleracea showed stone cells and calcium oxalate prisms. The ash value was high 7.88 % in B. Oleracea. The fluorescent analysis at 366 nm of B. oleracea under...
The extracts of two different plant were screened for their phenols, flavonoid and antioxidant activity by DPPH method for two locations. In this study seed oil and defatted seed cake extracts of M. azedarach and P. pinnata from two locations indicate high phenolics (13.5-51.2 mgGAE/g) and flavonoids content (1.5-4.2 mgCAE/g). The IC50 value was (0.032-0.048 mg/ml)....
The plants are used to treat skin infection as well as cuts, burn, dermatophytes and infectious disease are common in traditional medicine. The development of new polyherbal dermal formulation treat against resistant pathogens is increasing interest. Therefore, the aqueous, methanolic extracts from different parts of four medicinal plants used locally in folk medicine were evaluated for wound heal...
Since from prehistoric times the practice of herbal medicine has existed as the primary form of medicine. India is one of leading bio-diversity center with the presence of over 50, 000 different plant species. Many plants are unexplored though they were used from ancient times in traditional system of medicine. At the same time, several plants activity was proven scientifically, and its resurgence...
Gardenia resinifera Roth. is a medicinal plant belonging to family Rubiaceae. It is an important traditional medicinal plant employed in various indigenous system of medicine against several diseases. The current communication provides pharma-cognostic, physicochemical and phytochemical investigation carried out on the leaves of Gardenia resinifera Roth, which are useful in setting some diagnostic...
Plants are a great source of medicines, which are useful in the treatment of various diseases. Today sophisticated modern research tools for evaluation of the plant drugs are available, but the microscopical evaluation method is one of the simplest and cheapest methods to start with for establishing the correct identity of the source materials. Ximenia americana of family Oleaceae have great medic...