PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRICHOSANTHES CUCUMERINA VAR. CUCUMERINA LINN. LEAVES
Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina Linn. is an annual monoecious climber. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina L. mainly distributed in Asian countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia and Australia. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina is a wild variant (Cucurbitaceae) the major active components are triterpenoids, saponins and cucurbitacins; chemical constituent...
A COMPARATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL APPROACH FOR SUBSTITUTION OF STEM BARK WITH SMALL BRANCHES IN BUCHANANIA LANZAN FOR MEDICINAL USE
Over exploitation of many traditional medicinal plants like Buchanania lanzan Spreng. has become a threat and in the near future, many medicinal plants may be unavailable for use in medicinal industry. Present study outlines the concept of plant part substitution. Stem bark and small branches of B. lanzan are compared on the basis of physico-chemical analysis, phytochemical analysis, total phenoli...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF AQUEOUS AND ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS AND IN -VITRO STUDY OF INHIBITION OF α- AMYLASE
In present study we screened four medicinal plant for the α-amylase inhibitory activity of each extracts phytochemicals and it was determined based on the colorimetric assay using acarbose as a reference compound. The aqueous and ethanol extracts of the medicinal plants viz. Enicostemma littorale, Acheranthus aspera, Abutilon indicum and Tridax procumbens were shows moderate α-amylase inhibito...
Plants have been used for centuries as a remedy for human diseases because they contain phytochemical components of therapeutic values. Whole plant of the Triogonella foenum, Zea mays and Oryza sativa were selected for in this study to find out the phytochemicals and antioxidant property. Phytochemicals were extracted using various solvents such as Hexane, Ethyl acetate and ethanol. Screening of p...
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n- hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial act...
Rice bran is the cuticle existing between the rice and husk of the paddy and consists of embryo and endosperm of the seeds of Oryza sativa, family Graminae. It is obtained as a byproduct in rice mill during polishing of rice obtained after dehusking of paddy. Rice bran contains about 15% of fixed oil and is obtained by solvent extraction method. It contains oleic acid, linolenic acid as unsaturate...
The global market for herbal products is exploding. The major hindrance in the amalgamation of herbal medicines into modern medical practices is the lack of scientific and clinical data, and better understanding of efficacy and safety of the herbal products. The evaluation or standardization of a crude drug involves Pharmacognostic methods such as organological, physico– chemical, phytochemical ...
ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY ETHANOLIC LEAVES EXTRACT OF BAUHINIA GALPINII LINN. ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC IN RATS
Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic activity of ethanolic leaves extract of Bauhinia galpinii linn. alloxan, induced diabetic in rats. Materials & methods: The adult male albino rats of weight 180-240 gm were selected for the study. The Dose of 100 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg of ethanol extract was selected for the test. All the doses was given oral...
A study was conducted to assess root, leaves and flowers extracts of cichorium intybus for their antimicrobial activities (against four bacterial and fungal strains), antioxidants activities (DPPH, ABTS H2O2 and reducing power assays) and cytotoxicities assays. The results indicates remarkable inhibition of plant extracts for growth of all bacterial and fungal strains as well as appropriate MI...
NATURAL REMEDIES TARGET DIFFERENT THERAPEUTIC PATHWAYS IN ORAL MUCOSITIS INDUCED BY CANCER CHEMO OR RADIOTHERAPY
Oral mucositis (OM) is an inflammatory condition affecting oral mucosa. The etiology of this type of inflammation is associated with exposure to radiotherapy or chemotherapeutic drugs. Herbal drugs have been used to induce healing of different types of gastrointestinal ulcers. The role of medicinal plant in cancer therapy induced oral mucositis has been investigated extensively. Preclinical studie...