PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING ASSESSMENT, ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY AND ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY OF EXTRACTS FROM CECROPIA PACHYSTACHYA TRÉCUL. CECROPIACEAE (URTICACEAE) AS SOURCE FOR HERBAL MEDICINES DEVELOPMENT
Several plants used for medicinal purposes can be found in the Brazilian Cerrado, among which highlights the genus Cecropia used as bronchodilator, antitussive, anti-diabetic, anti-diarrheal, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory and vaso-relaxant. Between species, there is Cecropia pachystachya belongs to the Urticaceae family. This study aims to evaluate the phytochemical screening, antioxidant c...
Polygonum flaccidum (Polygonaceae) is an annual herb widely distributed in Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Agfhanistan. Objectives of the present study were to determine antioxidant, anthelmintic, cytotoxic, insecticidal and antibacterial activities of methanol extract of P. flaccidum. Antioxidant activity in terms of free radical scavenging ability was determined by DPPH free radical sca...
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS AND SEASONAL VARIATION IN ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION FROM MYRCIARIA GLAZIOVIANA (MYRTACEAE)
Extracts from leaves, stems and flower buds of Myrciaria glazioviana were analysed for their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activity. The methanolic extracts showed the best results in reducing power (623.52 - 806.15mg AA/g of extract), DPPH radical scavenging (IC50 = 9.77 - 14.06µg/mL) and lipid peroxidation inhibition activity (21.30 - 66.80 %). These data were correlated to the total pheno...
Lantana indica Roxb. (Verbenaceae) is grown as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant is used to treat asthma, abdominal disorders, bilious fever, cancer, catarrhal infections, chicken pox, eczema, hypertension, malaria, measles, swelling, rheumatism, tetanus and ulcers. Phytochemical investigation of a methanolic extract of the leaves led to isolate three ...
EVALAUTION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF RICINUS COMMUNIS LINN. LEAVES BY USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOLVENT
Aqueous and ethanol ethyl actatate chloroform methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma and and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentr...
IDENTIFICATION OF ENDEMIC CURCUMA ALBIFLORA THW. FROM CURCUMA SPECIES GROWN IN SRI LANKA BY DNA BARCODING METHOD
Curcuma is an important genus in traditional medicine. Five plants are reported in Sri Lanka; C. albiflora, C. aromatica, C. longa, C. zedoaria and C. oligantha. Since phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences and combining with complete genomic sequences helps to identify genetic basis of plants, the current study was conducted. Standard CTAB method with little modifications was used for the extrac...
Portulaca quadrifida Linn. (Portulacaceae) is commonly known as chicken weed in English. In traditional system it is used to treat rheumatism and gynaecological diseases, urinary tract infections, worm diseases, dysentry and dermatitis. To assess cytotoxic potential of hydroalcoholic extract o f P. quadrifida leaves using brine shrimp assay. Potassium dichromate was considered as standard referenc...
Background: Sickle cell anemia continues to be prevalent in the African population of which Nigeria alone has an epidemiology of 25% and only a few official medications are available, necessitating this current study. Methods: Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC, Connaraceae, Alcornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax & K. Hoffman Euphorbiaceae, and Spathodea campanulata Beauv., Bignoniaceae, which have variou...