Introduction: Obesity is associated with DM Type-II. The major basis for the association between these two is the ability of obesity to engender insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a fundamental aspect of etiology of DM Type-II. Different factors increase insulin resistance, but FFA is the most common factor to increase insulin resistance. Aims and Objectives: Most of the obese person (80%) ...
Emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of pathogens and adverse effects of antibiotics have rapid lead search for new antimicrobials. Medicinal plants have gained more importance as a source of alternative and effective drugs. Euclea racemosa sub sp. schimperi (DC.) Dandy (Ebenaceae) has many traditional uses against infections and related disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate t...
Trianthema decandra Linn., belongs to family Aizoaceae, commonly known as “Punarnavi” in Sanskrit, “Gadabandi” in Hindi, and “Vellai sharuni” in Tamil. This plant is globally distributed tropical and subtropical regions. In India, it grows in dry-soil lands. It has been known since ancient times for curative properties and has been utilized for treatment of various ailments such as bur...
The purpose of the study was to determine the leaves of Andrographis serpyllifolia for anti-diabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The aqueous, alcoholic and hydroalcoholic extracts of Andrographis serpyllifolia were tested for toxicity up to 4000 mg kg-1 as per OECD-425 guidelines. Anti-diabetic activity was assessed by oral glucose tolerance test and str...
This study evaluated the scientific basis for the traditional use of Aegiceras corniculatum (Myrsinaceae) stem extract as an anthelmintic agent. The study design was an investigation of the traditional anthelmintic medicinal plant Aegiceras corniculatum using in-vitro anthelmintic properties of four extracts of the plant were evaluated using earthworms. The earthworm (Pheretima posthuma) resembles...
Before the advances in synthetic chemistry and discovery of antimicrobials in the 19th early to 21st centuries, plants provided the major source of medicines. Traditional knowledge is more and more an established resource for modern medical science. Ayurveda is the most ancient health care system and is practiced widely in India, Sri Lanka and other countries. This article reviews some of the past...
FOLK MEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY THE SANTAL TRIBAL PRACTITIONERS AGAINST DIARRHEA AND DYSENTERY IN TANORE UPAZILA OF RAJSHAHI DISTRICT, BANGLADESH
This paper presented the traditional uses of 20 plant species belonging to 14 families that are used by the Santal tribal practitioners in Tanore Upazila of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery diseases. During the study, interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field walks method. The medicinal plants tradition...
JORDANIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE FOR NEW ANTIMICROBIALS AGAINST MULTI DRUG RESISTANT: REVIEW
Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today. Medicinal plants have historically proven their value as a source of molecules with therapeutic potential. The interest in natural product-based drug discovery has revitalized in recent years because synthetic compound libraries and high throughput screening for discovery of new drug leads d...
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF THE STEM BARK OF MAESOBOTRYA DUSENII (PAX) HUTCHINSON (EUPHORBIACEAE)
Introduction: Infection due to antimicrobial resistance is currently one of the major threats to mankind. This study investigates the antimicrobial activity of the various extracts of the stem bark of Maesobotrya dusenii (Pax) Hutchinson (Euphorbiaceae). Methods: Pulverized 100 g of stem bark of M. dusenii extracted with methanol. Another 400 g of the plant material was also successively macerated...
Stem cell biology, many signals regulated stem cells and organ development. Wnt factors play a crucial role in stem cells development and induced signaling pathway in stem cells. Wnt signals classified as a canonical and non-canonical pathway. Wnt factors regulated both pathways for stem cells self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation. Wnt canonical pathway induced by Wnt1, Wnt2, Wnt2b, Wnt...