BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS AND SEASONAL VARIATION IN ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION FROM MYRCIARIA GLAZIOVIANA (MYRTACEAE)
Extracts from leaves, stems and flower buds of Myrciaria glazioviana were analysed for their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activity. The methanolic extracts showed the best results in reducing power (623.52 - 806.15mg AA/g of extract), DPPH radical scavenging (IC50 = 9.77 - 14.06µg/mL) and lipid peroxidation inhibition activity (21.30 - 66.80 %). These data were correlated to the total pheno...
Lantana indica Roxb. (Verbenaceae) is grown as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant is used to treat asthma, abdominal disorders, bilious fever, cancer, catarrhal infections, chicken pox, eczema, hypertension, malaria, measles, swelling, rheumatism, tetanus and ulcers. Phytochemical investigation of a methanolic extract of the leaves led to isolate three ...
EVALAUTION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF RICINUS COMMUNIS LINN. LEAVES BY USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOLVENT
Aqueous and ethanol ethyl actatate chloroform methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma and and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentr...
IDENTIFICATION OF ENDEMIC CURCUMA ALBIFLORA THW. FROM CURCUMA SPECIES GROWN IN SRI LANKA BY DNA BARCODING METHOD
Curcuma is an important genus in traditional medicine. Five plants are reported in Sri Lanka; C. albiflora, C. aromatica, C. longa, C. zedoaria and C. oligantha. Since phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences and combining with complete genomic sequences helps to identify genetic basis of plants, the current study was conducted. Standard CTAB method with little modifications was used for the extrac...
Portulaca quadrifida Linn. (Portulacaceae) is commonly known as chicken weed in English. In traditional system it is used to treat rheumatism and gynaecological diseases, urinary tract infections, worm diseases, dysentry and dermatitis. To assess cytotoxic potential of hydroalcoholic extract o f P. quadrifida leaves using brine shrimp assay. Potassium dichromate was considered as standard referenc...
Background: Sickle cell anemia continues to be prevalent in the African population of which Nigeria alone has an epidemiology of 25% and only a few official medications are available, necessitating this current study. Methods: Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC, Connaraceae, Alcornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax & K. Hoffman Euphorbiaceae, and Spathodea campanulata Beauv., Bignoniaceae, which have variou...
Spirulina Platensis is a blue- green alga that widely used as a food supplement over worldwide. Two models were used to study the effects of Spirulina Platensis on nociception which was induced by acetic acid (Writhing test), formalin (Paw licking test). Spirulina Platensis was administered in the dose range of 200 and 400 mg/kg orally 1 h prior to pain induction. Spirulina Platensis contains β-c...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disease which has several complications including diabetic nephropathy, coronary heart disease and hypertension.It has been estimated that by the year 2010, the prevalence of DM worldwide will reach approximately 240 million.Despite considerable progress in the management of diabetes mellitus by synthetic drugs, the search for indigenous and diabetic a...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives", there is need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection and experimentation. They thus constitute an accumulat...
EVALUATION OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ETHANOL AND CHLOROFORM EXTRACTS OF WILD AND MICROPROPAGATED CLEOME VISCOSA LINN.
Herbal medicines are now creature in modern dosage forms using modern manufacture in and processing techniques in pharmaceutical industry. Antioxidants assuage oxidative stress in cells and thereby help in the prevention and treatment of many diseases of humans. The aim of this study was to assess the antioxidant activity of ethanol and chloroform extracts of wild and micro-propagated Cleome visco...