The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest in potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa has been broadly used througho...
CURRENT REVIEW ON BIOTECHNOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SIMAROUBA GLAUCA-AN OIL YIELDING PLANT.
Simarouba glauca is one of the important herbal drugs used against dysentery and has a long history in herbal medicine in many countries. The bark and leaf extract of Simarouba is well known for its different types of pharmacological properties such as hemostatic, antihelminthic, antiparasitic, antidysenteric, antipyretic and anti-cancerous. The bark is used to cure fever, malaria, stomach and bow...
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEED
Chenopodium album L. (family Chenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with oth...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol, and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of...
The proliferation of β-cells is the main contributor to the mass cell maintenance in the pancreatic islets. In our earlier work the suppression of β-cell growth by aggregated peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, has been proved. The in-vitro protection of the cells from aggregated amylin-associated death by several plant extracts and their constituents has been shown. In the present work, ...
The Kasni, Cichorium intybus of family Asteraceae Class Magnoliopsida, which is also known as Chicory, is well known traditional herb included in many systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha system of medicine. The genus Cichorium has six species with majorly distributed in Europe and Asia. It is cultivated in countries such as the UK, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Germany, South Afric...
Rhizoma Curcumae longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study, fifteen sample...
PROFILING OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF LAUNAEA CORNUTA ASTERACEAE BY GC-MS
Launea cornuta Asteraceae is widely used among African communities for its medicinal and nutritional values and livestock fodder. Traditionally, it is used by Kenyan communities to manage diabetes mellitus, syphilis, and stomachache, among many other diseases. The current study profiled the organic chemical compounds in the ethyl acetate extracts of L. cornuta. Chemical compounds were identified u...
The Hulbah, Trigonella foenum-graecum of family Legumenasea which is commonly known as methi, in the traditional system of medicine including Unani Medicine. Hulba is an annual herb, 1-2 fit long contains the seed in long, narrow sickle shape pods called Tukhme Hulbah. Hulbah leaves are yellowish green, petiolate, usually 2-5 cm long called Burge Hulbah. The Hulbah contains alkaloids, e.g., trimet...
Eugenia jambolana Lam., commonly known as black plum or “jamun” is an important medicinal plant in various traditional systems of medicine. It is effective in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, inflammation, ulcers and diarrhea, and preclinical studies have also shown it to possess chemopreventive, radioprotective and antineoplastic properties. The plant is rich in compounds containing anthoc...