Curcuma longa L. rhizomes are widely used by the traditional medical practitioners for curing various diseases. The rhizomes of C. longa L. is commonly known as Haldi or Turmeric. Haldi is of special importance to human with the discovery that its rhizome powder, when added to various food preparations, preserves their freshness and imparts a characteristic flavors. The Indian system of medicine c...
Oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb. is described in Unani medicine in the name of Kundur. It is commonly known as luban which belongs to the family Burseraceae. Boswellia, or frankincense, harkens back to ancient India and Egypt. Frankincense was one of the four components in the medicinal “Balsam of Jerusalem” from the Franciscan Monastery and, as noted in the Papyrus Ebers, Circa 150...
Rhizomae Curcumae Longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study fifteen sample...
The present study was designed to judge the in vitro anthelmintic activity of Sap of Azadirachta indica. The duct roundworm, Pheretima posthuma, has been reported to cause severe health issues in immeasurable folks round the world. Records prove that a lot of the liquid extracts obtained from varied elements of various seasonal plants exhibited important Anthelmintic activity against Pheretima pos...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of ...
Rauwolfia serpentina has great reputation as miracle medicinal plant, reported in various texts of indigenous system of medicine. As, free radicals and diseases has great correlation; therefore, in the present study, free radical scavenging activity of methanolic extract (MET) of rhizomes of mature Rauwolfia serpentina was investigated by using CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity model in albino rats. The...
ANTIOXIDANT AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ORIGANUM MAJORANA IN CCL4- INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN RATS
Objective: The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Origanum majorana aerial parts against CCL4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Materials and methods: Wistar rats (150-200 gm) were divided into five groups each group containing six rats. Group A treated as normal control receives 1% v/v tween-80, p.o for 14 days. Group B receive...
The genus Ruellia L. is sometimes called Dipteracanthus, it comprises about 150 species native to tropical and temperate North and South America. In this review, the literature data on phytochemical and biological investigations of the genus Ruellia are compiled. The well-recognized groups of secondary metabolites were flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, alkaloids, triterpenes, sterols, phenolic gly...
Cassia fistula Linn. (Family Leguminosae, Sub – family Caesalpinea), a very common Indian plant is known for its medicinal properties. This plant is also known as Indian Laburnum, Yellow shower because of its characteristic yellow flowers in pendulous raceme and with typical branches. It is a native of Tropical Asia. It is widely cultivated in South Africa, Mexico, East Africa and Brazil. This p...
PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS OF SAUSSUREA OBVALLATA (BRAHM KAMAL) AND PITTOSPORUM ERIOCARPUM (AGNI): TWO ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANT SPECIES OF UTTARAKHAND
Aim of this study was to determine the presence of phytochemical components in Saussurea obvallata and Pittosporum eriocarpum, two endangered medicinal plant species of Uttarakhand. Phytochemicals are non-nutritive plant chemicals that have protective or disease preventive properties. These components are produced by plants to protect themselves but recent researches demonstrate that they can also...