Calcium oxalate crystals have a definite biological function in medicinal plants and act as a good diagnostic tool for the identification and detection of adulterants in crude drugs. The occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals was evident in Moringa pterygesperma, Mentha arvensis, Cissus quadrangularis, Murraya koenigii and Amaranthus gangiticus leaves. Rosette, druse, raphides, acicular and prisma...
The leaf of Verbena officinalis was collected, air dried under the shed, powdered, soaked in and extracted with 80% methanol. The crude extract was tested for it's in-vitro antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli using agar disc diffusion method. Antibacterial assay was made using extract concentrations of 250 mg/ml, 500 mg/ml, and 1000 mg/ml. The extract showed a concentration-depend...
HERBS AND HERBAL TEAS WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES COMPARABLE TO OR SUPERIOR THAN THOSE OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS
The antioxidant properties of 20 herbs and 28 herbal teas were analyzed in comparison with those of Camellia sinensis based on total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRS) activity, ferric reducing power (FRP) and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) ability. The main objective was to find out if there are herbs and herbal teas with antioxidant properties comparable to or superior to those o...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol, and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants, and its sources are playing a role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation, the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for the hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analy...
SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM AND CUMINUM CYMINUM SEED EXTRACTS AND ASSESSMENT OF SPERM FUNCTION IN ALBINO RATS
The spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum seed extracts have been studied to evaluate the effective concentration to immobilize and kill 100% of sperm within 20 s, and the sperm function of rat is studied to find the effect on sperm membrane integrity. Sander and Cramer's test was used to study the spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum. Sperm v...
Traditional herbal medicines include herbs, herbal materials, herbal preparations and finished herbal products that contain active ingredients parts of plants, or other plant materials, or combinations. Clinical trials of traditional herbal medicines are carried out with herbal preparations only after standardization and identification of markers to ensure that the substances being evaluated are a...
Dementia is a progressive neurological disease of the brain. It demolishes the vital brain cells, causing trouble with memory, thinking, and behavior, brutal enough to affect work, lifelong hobbies, and social life. Recognized factors in dementia include acetylcholine deficiency, free radicals, and inflammation of the brain tissue. Since, the drugs and natural remedies have been prescribed to enha...
The normal steady state of the human body’s organ and tissue function is termed as homeostasis. One significant factor that may cause an upset to homeostasis is stress. It is a fundamental part of living that can have both positive and negative effects on an individual’s health. Stress is not a medical diagnosis, but severe stress that continues for a long time may lead to a diagnosis of depre...