LC/MS IDENTIFICATION OF PHYTOCONSTITUENTS OF THE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF THE AERIAL PARTS OF ANTIGONON LEPTOPUS (HOOK & ARN)
Antigonon leptopus Hook&Arn (family Polygonaceae), also called: Chain of love, Queen’sWreath and Mexican creeper is a fast growing vine with stems reaching up to 20 feet long. It has heart-shaped, green leaves climbing by tendrils which wrap around many types of the supports. It is native to Mexico and commonly found in tropical Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and the Americas. It possess antico...
MAHUA OIL CONTAINING SUPPOSITORY BASE EXHIBITED HIGHER DRUG RELEASE AS COMPARED TO COCOA BUTTER BASE
The present research aimed at scrutinizing the role of Mahua Oil (MO) as a suppository base which can enhance the release of drug in the site of administration. Three formulations were designed with erythromycin as the drug utilizing; F1 (MO and Beeswax in the ratio of 3:1), F2 (MO and PEG 6000 in the ratio of 1:1), and F3 (cocoa butter - 100%) as the base material. The suppositories were prepared...
Herbal formulation is a dosage form consisting of one or more herbs or processed herbs(s) in specified quantities to provide specific nutritional, cosmetic benefits, and/or other benefits meant for use to diagnose treat, mitigate disease of human beings or animals and / or to alter the structure or physiology of human beings or animals. The world health organization (WHO) estimates that 80% of the...
EFFECTIVITY OF STARVATION ON DIGESTIVE ENZYME OF FEMALE HOLOTRICHIA SERRATA (FAB) (COLEOPTERA: SCARABAEIDAE)
The effect of starvation on the digestive enzymes of female Holotrichia serrata (Fab) shows that there are general considerable reductions in enzymatic activities except in a lipase in both gut sections; however there are considerable increases of soluble proteins, both the gut section homogenates of starved female. The maximum reduction of protease is 83% in a hindgut and 86% in mid gut followed ...
EFFECT OF DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA EXTRACTS ON CASTOR OIL AND MAGNESIUM SULPHATE INDUCED DIARRHEA IN WISTAR RATS
Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf [Gramineae (Poaceae)] is used in Indian traditional medicines system for treatment of various diseases such as asthma, kidney stone, diarrhea, wound healing etc. These traditional claims require authentication by performing animal testing. This study aims to confirm antidiarrheal activity of D. bipinnata in Wistar rats. Underground parts of D. bipinnata was extrac...
The Hulbah, Trigonella foenum-graecum of family Legumenacea which is commonly known as Methi, in traditional system of medicine including Unani Medicine. Hulba is an annual herb, 1-2 fit long contains the seed in long, narrow sickle shape pods called Tukhme Hulbah. Hulba leaves are yellowish green, petiolate, usually 2-5cm long called Burge Hulbah. The Hulba contains alkaloids e.g. trimethylamine,...
Herbal drugs play an important role in health care programme especially in developing countries. Ancient Indian literature incorporates a remarkable broad definition of medicinal plants and considers “all” plant parts to be potential sources of medicinal substances.C. paniculatus is one of the Indian medicinal plants having a remarkable reputation as a factor of health care among the indigenou...
The present study was aimed to find out the antimicrobial potential of acetone extract of Acacia concinna leaf against five different bacterial strains at 100 and 200mg/ml concentrations. The disc diffusion assay was performed to access the antimicrobial potential of the extract. The agar plate containing a bacterial culture was divided into 4 zones and each zone was independently impregnated with...
Natural products and herbal remedies used in traditional folklore medicine have been the source of many medically beneficial drugs because they elicit fewer side effects, relatively cheap, affordable and claimed to be effective. However, in order to make these remedies acceptable to modern medicine, there is a need to scientifically evalu...
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ESSENTIAL OILS OF OCIMUM BASILICUM AND CYMBOPOGON MARTINII ADDRESSING ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY
The present study was designed to judge the in vitro antibacterial activity and comparision of Ocimum basilicum and Cymbopogon martinii. From the folklore claim and ethnobotanical review, the plant Ocimum basilicum and Cymbopogon martini leaves has been found to contain terpenes and terpenoids i.e.essential oil and the plants are used in indigenous system of medicine for the treatment of bacterial...