Gynura procumbens (GP) commonly known as longevity spinach is one of those precious medicinal herbs of Asteraceae that are still included in a un-utilized herb in spite of the variety of useful pharmacological properties it possesses. It is mainly popular in South-East Asian countries for its traditional medicinal properties. It is usually used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of inflam...
Areca catechu has been in use as a social drug from the time immemorial and usually chewed by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catechu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Ta...
The proliferation of β-cells is the main contributor to the mass cell maintenance in the pancreatic islets. In our earlier work the suppression of β-cell growth by aggregated peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, has been proved. The in-vitro protection of the cells from aggregated amylin-associated death by several plant extracts and their constituents has been shown. In the present work, ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF LAGENERIA SICERARIA FOR ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY
Lagenaria siceraria was commonly known as Bottle gourd Syn. Doodhi, Syn. Lauki (Hindi) Kadoo (Marathi) which is official in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, etc. and secondary metabolites like saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, etc. in all the extracts but tannins were found absent in ethanolic and pe...
Rhizoma Curcumae longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study, fifteen sample...
Plants have been the basis of many traditional medicines throughout the world for thousands of years and have continued to provide new remedies to mankind. They are one of the most abundant sources of bioactive compounds. The genus Passiflora L. comprises about 520 species of dicotyledonous plants in the family Passifloraceae. Passiflora incarnata and P. alata, also commonly known as passion flowe...
MORTALITY AND REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM VENT. (VERBENACEAE) AGAINST SITOPHILUS ORYZAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)
In continuation of our study we have screened out the root, leaf, and stem of C. viscosum against rice weevil, S. oryzae extracted into ethanol, ethyl acetate, and chloroform. A correlation was found between the insecticidal and repellent activity observed by residual film assay technique and repellency test. It is interesting to note that these plant extracts showed higher to less mortality activ...
The genus Ruellia L. is sometimes called Dipteracanthus, it comprises about 150 species native to tropical and temperate North and South America. In this review, the literature data on phytochemical and biological investigations of the genus Ruellia are compiled. The well-recognized groups of secondary metabolites were flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, alkaloids, triterpenes, sterols, phenolic gly...
The present study was based on diabetes, its cure & herbal products available in the market. Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, affecting 16 million individuals in the United States and 200 million worldwide. Despite the use of advanced synthetic drugs for the treatment, use of herbal remedies is gaining higher importance because of synthetic drugs have drawbacks and limi...
THE EFFECT OF CHLOROFORM EXTRACT OF GERMAN CHAMOMILE (MATRICARIA RECUTITA) ON ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTED MICE
Emergence of new strains of Escherichia coli with the ability of resistance to a wide range of antibiotics necessitates the efforts to search alternatives for better treatments to deal with these infections. Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbs in the world. In this study, we investigated the potential therapeutic effects of chamomile chloroform extract on E. coli intraperitoneal (IP) in...