Rhizome of Kaempferia galanga (Family: Zingiberaceae) has been investigated for isolation of secondary metabolites and evaluation of bioactivities. Two cinnamic acid derivatives, Ethyl p-methoxy cinnamate (KG-2) and 4-methoxy cinnamic acid (KG-9) have been isolated from the chloroform fraction of the methanolic extract of rhizome of K. galanga using chromatographic analysis. Structures of these co...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants and its sources are playing role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analysed usin...
SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM AND CUMINUM CYMINUM SEED EXTRACTS AND ASSESSMENT OF SPERM FUNCTION IN ALBINO RATS
The spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum seed extracts has been studied to evaluate the effective concentration to immobilize and kill 100% of sperm within 20 s and the sperm function of rat is studied to find the effect on sperm membrane integrity. Sander and Cramer test was used to study the spermicidal activityof Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum. Sperm viabil...
Sweet violet also known as the Viola odorata, blooms in continental climate conditions in early spring with delicate flowers of attractive scent. It has been traditionally the part of various indigenous preparations and being used to cure respiratory and inflammatory conditions. Present review article is an attempt to cover recent developments in phytochemical and pharmacological potential of drug...
Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) has been commonly used in traditionalmedicine for a wide range of ailments related to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, respiratoryand skeletal systems as well as to infectious diseases. It is provide the up-to-date information that is available on the botany, traditional uses,phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Callicarpa macrophylla. Additiona...
The leaf of Verbena officinalis was collected, air dried under shed, powdered, soaked in and extracted with 80% methanol. The crude extract was tested for its in vitro antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E.coli using agar disc diffusion method. Antibacterial assay was made using extract concentrations of 250mg/ml, 500mg/ml, and 1000mg/ml. The extract showed a concentration dependent zone ...
HERBS AND HERBAL TEAS WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES COMPARABLE TO OR SUPERIOR THAN THOSE OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS
The antioxidant properties of 20 herbs and 28 herbal teas were analysed in comparison with those of Camellia sinensis based on total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRS) activity, ferric reducing power (FRP) and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) ability. The main objective was to find out if there are herbs and herbal teas with antioxidant properties comparable to or superior than those...
The normal steady state of the human body’s organ and tissue function is termed as homeostasis. One significant factor that may cause an upset to homeostasis is stress. It is a fundamental part of living that can have both positive and negative effects on an individual’s health. Stress is not a medical diagnosis, but severe stress that continues for a long time may lead to a diagnosis of depre...
The Kasni, Cichorium intybus of family Asteraceae Class Magnoliopsida, which is also known as Chicory, is well known traditional herb included in many system of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha system of medicine. The genus Cichorium has six species with majorly distributed in Europe and Asia. It is cultivated in countries such as the UK, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Germany, South Africa...
Background: Gilbert’s Syndrome (GS) is the most common form of congenital, non haemolytic, mild Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinaemia. Familial cases linked with mutation in enzyme UDP glucoronosyl transferase 1producing decreased conjugation of bilirubin which accumulates in the form of unconjugated bilirubin. Hyperbilirubinaemia is mild (<6 mg/dl) while liver enzymes & histology are always f...