Areca catechu has been in use as a social drug from the time immemorial and usually chewed by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catechu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Ta...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants, and its sources are playing a role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation, the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for the hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analy...
MORTALITY AND REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM VENT. (VERBENACEAE) AGAINST SITOPHILUS ORYZAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)
In continuation of our study we have screened out the root, leaf, and stem of C. viscosum against rice weevil, S. oryzae extracted into ethanol, ethyl acetate, and chloroform. A correlation was found between the insecticidal and repellent activity observed by residual film assay technique and repellency test. It is interesting to note that these plant extracts showed higher to less mortality activ...
The present study was based on diabetes, its cure & herbal products available in the market. Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, affecting 16 million individuals in the United States and 200 million worldwide. Despite the use of advanced synthetic drugs for the treatment, use of herbal remedies is gaining higher importance because of synthetic drugs have drawbacks and limi...
The leaf of Verbena officinalis was collected, air dried under the shed, powdered, soaked in and extracted with 80% methanol. The crude extract was tested for it's in-vitro antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli using agar disc diffusion method. Antibacterial assay was made using extract concentrations of 250 mg/ml, 500 mg/ml, and 1000 mg/ml. The extract showed a concentration-depend...
The proliferation of β-cells is the main contributor to the mass cell maintenance in the pancreatic islets. In our earlier work the suppression of β-cell growth by aggregated peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, has been proved. The in-vitro protection of the cells from aggregated amylin-associated death by several plant extracts and their constituents has been shown. In the present work, ...
The normal steady state of the human body’s organ and tissue function is termed as homeostasis. One significant factor that may cause an upset to homeostasis is stress. It is a fundamental part of living that can have both positive and negative effects on an individual’s health. Stress is not a medical diagnosis, but severe stress that continues for a long time may lead to a diagnosis of depre...
Homalium letestui Pellegr (Flacourtiaceae) used traditionally by the Ibibios of Southern Nigeria to treat stomach ulcer, malaria and other inflammatory diseases were evaluated for antiulcer activities of the stem extract and its fractions. The effects of ethanol stem extract of H. letestui (200-600 mg/kg) and fractions (Aqueous and dichloromethane, 400 mg/kg) on experimentally induced ulcer were s...
Rhizome of Kaempferia galanga (Family: Zingiberaceae) has been investigated for isolation of secondary metabolites and evaluation of bioactivities. Two cinnamic acid derivatives, Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate (KG-2) and 4-methoxy cinnamic acid (KG-9) have been isolated from the chloroform fraction of the methanolic extract of the rhizome of K. galanga using chromatographic analysis. Structures of these...
SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM AND CUMINUM CYMINUM SEED EXTRACTS AND ASSESSMENT OF SPERM FUNCTION IN ALBINO RATS
The spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum seed extracts have been studied to evaluate the effective concentration to immobilize and kill 100% of sperm within 20 s, and the sperm function of rat is studied to find the effect on sperm membrane integrity. Sander and Cramer's test was used to study the spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum. Sperm v...