EVALUATION OF ANTIOXIDANT, ANTI-INFLAMMATION AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF AMOMUM MASTICATORIUM THWAITES (ZINGIBERACEAE)
The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the methanol extract of Amomum masticatorium rhizome were observed in various experimental models. Phytochemical constituents like phenols and flavonoids were also estimated. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH and super oxide radical scavenging assays. The extract showed significant antioxidant activity. The in vitro anti-inflammatory...
GC-MS ANALYSIS OF THE METHYLENE CHLORIDE AND n-BUTANOL FRACTIONS OF THE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ANTIGONON LEPTOPUS (HOOK & ARN.)
Antigonon leptopus Hook & Arn. (family Polygonaceae), also called: chain of love, Queen’s wreath and Mexican creeper is a fast growing vine with stems reaching up to 20 feet long. It has heart-shaped, green leaves climbing by tendrils which wrap around many types of the supports. It is native to Mexico and commonly found in tropical Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and the Americas. It possess an...
The research in alternative medicine and the need of the plant based medicines that affect the ‘mind’ is developing day to day. The aim of the present study was to explore Leptadenia reticulata (roots), Mimusops elengi (bark) and Evolvulus alsinoides (Whole plant) using different animal models (conditional avoidance response, hole board test, open field test), anticonvulsant (MES induced convu...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF AQUEOUS AND ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS AND IN -VITRO STUDY OF INHIBITION OF α- AMYLASE
In present study we screened four medicinal plant for the α-amylase inhibitory activity of each extracts phytochemicals and it was determined based on the colorimetric assay using acarbose as a reference compound. The aqueous and ethanol extracts of the medicinal plants viz. Enicostemma littorale, Acheranthus aspera, Abutilon indicum and Tridax procumbens were shows moderate α-amylase inhibito...
Plants have been used for centuries as a remedy for human diseases because they contain phytochemical components of therapeutic values. Whole plant of the Triogonella foenum, Zea mays and Oryza sativa were selected for in this study to find out the phytochemicals and antioxidant property. Phytochemicals were extracted using various solvents such as Hexane, Ethyl acetate and ethanol. Screening of p...
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n- hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial act...
Rice bran is the cuticle existing between the rice and husk of the paddy and consists of embryo and endosperm of the seeds of Oryza sativa, family Graminae. It is obtained as a byproduct in rice mill during polishing of rice obtained after dehusking of paddy. Rice bran contains about 15% of fixed oil and is obtained by solvent extraction method. It contains oleic acid, linolenic acid as unsaturate...
Kidney is a vital organ of human body which perform very important function of formation of urine. Unani system of medicine has illustrated its anatomy, physiology and diseases occurred due to its different abnormalities. Kidney has the four common powers viz; Quwwate Jazibah (absorptive power), Quwwate Hazimah (digestive power), Quwwate Masikah (retentive power) and Quwwate Dafiah (power of excre...
The global market for herbal products is exploding. The major hindrance in the amalgamation of herbal medicines into modern medical practices is the lack of scientific and clinical data, and better understanding of efficacy and safety of the herbal products. The evaluation or standardization of a crude drug involves Pharmacognostic methods such as organological, physico– chemical, phytochemical ...
ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY ETHANOLIC LEAVES EXTRACT OF BAUHINIA GALPINII LINN. ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC IN RATS
Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic activity of ethanolic leaves extract of Bauhinia galpinii linn. alloxan, induced diabetic in rats. Materials & methods: The adult male albino rats of weight 180-240 gm were selected for the study. The Dose of 100 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg of ethanol extract was selected for the test. All the doses was given oral...