COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF PROCESSED TWO DIFFERENT GERMPLASM OF MUCUNA PRURIENS (VELVET BEANS)
The present study deals with the qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemical and proximate analysis of seed extract of two different germplasms of Mucuna black and white colored seeds (BCS & WCS) were investigated. Between the two seeds studied, black colored seed which is in raw form, registered higher efficiency in proximate composition as well as phytochemical when compared to wh...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives", there is need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection and experimentation. They thus constitute an accumulat...
Due to advances in drug delivery technology, currently, excipients are included in novel dosage forms to fulfil specific functions and in some cases; they directly or indirectly influence the extent and/or rate of drug release and drug absorption. Recent trends towards use of plant based and natural products demand the replacement of synthetic additives with natural ones. Today, the whole world is...
Aqueous and ethanol ethyl actatate chloroform methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentratio...
Objective: To analyze the pharmacognostic characteristics and physiochemical parameters of the root of Eranthemum nigrum (E. nigrum). Methods: Microscopic characters and powder analysis had been carried out with the help of a microscope. The physiochemical properties such as loss on drying, total ash value, acid insoluble ash value, water soluble ash value, extractive values and fluorescence of E....
The therapeutic potential of essential oil bearing plants have been realised. Like herbal remedies, essential oils and their constituents cover wide field of performance. These include antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. The field of aroma and smell is so attracting that Nobel Prize (2004) in physiology and Medicine was awarded to unlock...
COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF CALCIUM OXALATE CRYSTALS RELATED TO STARCH STORAGE IN THREE VARIETIES OF DIOSCOREA ALATA LINN. OF WAYANAD DISTRICT
Yam is one of the staple foods for several people, used as various forms such as flour and starchy paste. It is locally available, rich source of starch so tubers of Dioscorea ensure rural food security. The member of the family Dioscoreaceae is found throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Calcium oxalate crystals and missile like raphides are reported in many Yam species...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work, we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain t...
ANTI CANCER PROPERTIES OF PLANTS PRESENT IN WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA- A MINI REVIEW
Cancer is an very fatal disease characterized by the abnormal growth of cells. Cancer is caused by various factors. Synthetic modern medicines have high toxic effects on other systems of the body such as renal system, circulatory system etc. In order to reduce those toxic effects scientific world is trying to find inhibitors from the herbal sources. Always the plants proved to be effective and eff...
DRUG USE EVALUATION OF ARTEMETHER-LUMEFANTRINE (COARTEM®) FOR FALCIPARUM MALARIA IN KARA MARA HOSPITAL, JI-JIGA TOWN, FAFAN ZONE, EASTERN ETHIOPIA
Background: Malaria remains the most common public health problem in developing countries and is the number one cause of morbidity and mortality especially in children below five years of age. Since November 2006, Coartem® an artemisinin combination therapy containing artemether-lumefantrine replaced sulphadoxine/ pyrimethamine as first line drug for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in developi...