CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain th...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out during the span of 2005-2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. Study revealed occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominate...
Diabetes mellitus (DM), both insulin-dependent DM (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent DM (NIDDM) is a common and serious metabolic disorder throughout the world. Traditional plant treatments have been used throughout the world for the therapy of diabetes mellitus. Among many medications and other alternative medicines, several herbs have been known to cure and control diabetes; additionally they have...
MORTALITY AND REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM VENT. (VERBENACEAE) AGAINST SITOPHILUS ORYZAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)
In continuation of our study we have screened out root, leaf and stem of C. viscosum against rice weevil, S. oryzae extracted into ethanol, ethyl acetate and chloroform. A correlation was found between the insecticidal and repellent activity observed by residual film assay technique and repellency test. It is interesting to note that these plant extracts showed higher to less mortality activity by...
The present study was based on Diabetes, its cure & herbal products available in market. Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder, affecting 16 million individuals in the United States and 200 million worldwide. Despite the use of advanced synthetic drugs for the treatment, use of herbal remedies is gaining higher importance because of synthetic drugs have drawbacks and limitati...
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in the recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest for potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa have been broadly used th...
Areca catehu have been using as social drugs from the time immemorial and chewed usually by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catehu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Tanza...
THE EFFECT OF CHLOROFORM EXTRACT OF GERMAN CHAMOMILE (MATRICARIA RECUTITA) ON ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTED MICE
Emergence of new strains of Escherichia coli with the ability of resistance to a wide range of antibiotics necessitates the efforts to search alternatives for better treatments to deal with these infections. Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbs in the world. In this study we investigated the potential therapeutic effects of chamomile chloroform extract on E. coli intraperitoneal (IP) inf...
Rhizome of Kaempferia galanga (Family: Zingiberaceae) has been investigated for isolation of secondary metabolites and evaluation of bioactivities. Two cinnamic acid derivatives, Ethyl p-methoxy cinnamate (KG-2) and 4-methoxy cinnamic acid (KG-9) have been isolated from the chloroform fraction of the methanolic extract of rhizome of K. galanga using chromatographic analysis. Structures of these co...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants and its sources are playing role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analysed usin...