CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work, we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain t...
Diabetes mellitus (DM), both insulin-dependent DM (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent DM (NIDDM) is a common and serious metabolic disorder throughout the world. Traditional plant treatments have been used throughout the world for the therapy of diabetes mellitus. Among many medications and other alternative medicines, several herbs have been known to cure and control diabetes; additionally, they hav...
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest in potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa has been broadly used througho...
MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA (LINN.) FRUITS EXTRACTS: BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
The objective of the present study was to investigate the scientific basis of the traditional use of the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica (Linn.). The selected pharmacological investigations are antimicrobial screening, analgesic activity, antidiarrheal activity screening and the brine shrimp lethality test for cytotoxic activity. Phytochemical analysis of ethanolic fruits extracts Phyllanthus emblica...
Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) has been commonly used in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments related to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, respiratory and skeletal systems as well as to infectious diseases. It provides the up-to-date information that is available on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Callicarpa macrophylla. Additio...
Areca catechu has been in use as a social drug from the time immemorial and usually chewed by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catechu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Ta...
THE EFFECT OF CHLOROFORM EXTRACT OF GERMAN CHAMOMILE (MATRICARIA RECUTITA) ON ESCHERICHIA COLI INFECTED MICE
Emergence of new strains of Escherichia coli with the ability of resistance to a wide range of antibiotics necessitates the efforts to search alternatives for better treatments to deal with these infections. Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbs in the world. In this study, we investigated the potential therapeutic effects of chamomile chloroform extract on E. coli intraperitoneal (IP) in...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...
The genus Ruellia L. is sometimes called Dipteracanthus, it comprises about 150 species native to tropical and temperate North and South America. In this review, the literature data on phytochemical and biological investigations of the genus Ruellia are compiled. The well-recognized groups of secondary metabolites were flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, alkaloids, triterpenes, sterols, phenolic gly...
A rapid, simple, selective and precise UV-Visible spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of Curcumin in bulk and nano-formulation. The spectrophotometric detection was carried out at an absorption maximum of 421 nm using methanol as solvent. The method was validated for various validation parameters. The linearity range was found to be 5-25 μg/ml with a correlation coe...