Diabetes mellitus (DM), both insulin-dependent DM (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent DM (NIDDM) is a common and serious metabolic disorder throughout the world. Traditional plant treatments have been used throughout the world for the therapy of diabetes mellitus. Among many medications and other alternative medicines, several herbs have been known to cure and control diabetes; additionally they have...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain th...
The present study was designed to judge the in vitro anthelmintic activity of Sap of Azadirachta indica. The duct roundworm, Pheretima posthuma, has been reported to cause severe health issues in immeasurable folks round the world. Records prove that a lot of the liquid extracts obtained from varied elements of various seasonal plants exhibited important Anthelmintic activity against Pheretima pos...
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in the recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest for potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa have been broadly used th...
MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA (LINN.) FRUITS EXTRACTS: BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
The objective of the present study was to investigate the scientific basis of the traditional use of the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica (Linn.). The selected pharmacological investigations are antimicrobial screening, analgesic activity, antidiarrheal activity screening and the brine shrimp lethality test for cytotoxic activity. Phytochemical analysis of ethanolic fruits extract Phyllanthus emblica ...
Areca catehu have been using as social drugs from the time immemorial and chewed usually by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catehu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Tanza...
The proliferation of β-cells is a main contributor tothe cell mass maintenance in the pancreatic islets. In our earlier work the suppression of β-cell growth by aggregated peptide hormone of pancreas, amylin, has been proved. The in vitro protection of the cells from aggregated amylin-associated death by several plant extracts and their constituents has been shown. In the present work the deve...
Rhizomae Curcumae Longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study fifteen sample...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants and its sources are playing role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analysed usin...