Rapid industrialization and modernization have introduced substantial amounts of toxic heavy metals into the aquatic and terrestrial environment which possess a serious threat to the flora and fauna. In recent years, considerable research work has been done and is currently underway on a number of natural biopolymers and their modifications to remove different kinds of heavy metal ions. Chitosan a...
PROFILING OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF LAUNAEA CORNUTA ASTERACEAE BY GC-MS
Launea cornuta Asteraceae is widely used among African communities for its medicinal and nutritional values and a livestock fodder. Traditionally, it is used by Kenyan communities to manage diabetes mellitus, syphilis, and stomachache, among many other diseases. The current study profiled the organic chemical compounds in the ethyl acetate extracts of L. cornuta. Chemical compounds were iden...
Misfolding of some proteins, their self-assembly into insoluble amyloid structures underlies many diseases, constituting a group of amyloid-related pathology. Fibrillation of peptide hormone of pancreas, amylin, is considered as one of the causes of death of β-cells in type 2 diabetes. In this work we studied in vitro protection of islet β-cells from death in the presence of aggregated amylin by...
ANTI-HYPERGLYCEMIC PLANTS USED BY THE TRADITIONAL HEALER OF WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA
A survey was conducted to collected the information about the effective medicinal plants used by the Traditional healer to treat diabetes. The use of herbal drugs increased worldwide because of lack of side effects and efficacy. Traditional healing is practising throughout the world to treat several diseases. The glycemic disease has become a serious issue in India and all over the world. The trad...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out during the span of 2005-2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. Study revealed occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominate...
MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA (LINN.) FRUITS EXTRACTS: BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
The objective of the present study was to investigate the scientific basis of the traditional use of the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica (Linn.). The selected pharmacological investigations are antimicrobial screening, analgesic activity, antidiarrheal activity screening and the brine shrimp lethality test for cytotoxic activity. Phytochemical analysis of ethanolic fruits extract Phyllanthus emblica ...
Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadacea) is a perennial herb with a long history of use in traditional medicines. A wide range of chemical compounds including cardiac glycosidis, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, tennins, & resins have been isolated from this plant. The plant has been used for various disease condition including leprosy, ulcers, tumours and piles. Various pharmacological activitie...
DICHLORVOS INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY IN RAT KIDNEY: PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF ALSTONIA BOONEI STEM BARK EXTRACT
Purpose: Dichlorvos (DDVP) causes toxicity in animals including humans. Alstonia boonei stem bark is widely used as a culinary medicine in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, possessing a number of pharmacological properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effectof Alstonia boonei (AB) against dichlorvos induced nephrotoxicity in wistar rats. Methods: Dichlorvos (50 mg/kg body weight) was o...
Moringa oleifera can grow well in the humid tropics or hot dry lands, can survive destitute soils, and is little affected by drought. It tolerates a wide range of rainfall with minimum annual rainfall requirements estimated at 250 mm and maximum at over 3000 mm and a pH of 5.0–9.0. Moringa leaves have been reported to be a rich source of b-carotene, protein, vitamin C, calcium and potassium ...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain th...