Rapid industrialization and modernization have introduced substantial amounts of toxic heavy metals into the aquatic and terrestrial environment which possess a serious threat to the flora and fauna. In recent years, considerable research work has been done and is currently underway on a number of natural biopolymers and their modifications to remove different kinds of heavy metal ions. Chitosan a...
Kidney stones is a growing global problem, It is also known as Urolithiasis. Lithiasis is a condition where urinary calculus is formed in the kidney and urinary tract. It is a complicated urinary disorder that has gravely troubled the health and quality of human life. Urinary stones affect 10-12% of the population in industrialized countries. There are only few geographical areas in which the ston...
ANTI-HYPERGLYCEMIC PLANTS USED BY THE TRADITIONAL HEALER OF WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA
A survey was conducted to collected the information about the effective medicinal plants used by the Traditional healer to treat diabetes. The use of herbal drugs increased worldwide because of lack of side effects and efficacy. Traditional healing is practising throughout the world to treat several diseases. The glycemic disease has become a serious issue in India and all over the world. The trad...
DICHLORVOS INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY IN RAT KIDNEY: PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF ALSTONIA BOONEI STEM BARK EXTRACT
Purpose: Dichlorvos (DDVP) causes toxicity in animals including humans. Alstonia boonei stem bark is widely used as a culinary medicine in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, possessing a number of pharmacological properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effectof Alstonia boonei (AB) against dichlorvos induced nephrotoxicity in wistar rats. Methods: Dichlorvos (50 mg/kg body weight) was o...
TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF LUFFA ACUTANGULA LINN.
Inflammation is a body defence reaction to prevent the spread of injurious agent and to remove the necrosed cells and tissues. Inflammatory abnormalities are a large group of disorders which underlie a vast variety of human diseases. During treatment of inflammatory diseases, many conventional therapies (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) used to relief pain and inflammation. Continuous use of...
PROFILING OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF LAUNAEA CORNUTA ASTERACEAE BY GC-MS
Launea cornuta Asteraceae is widely used among African communities for its medicinal and nutritional values and a livestock fodder. Traditionally, it is used by Kenyan communities to manage diabetes mellitus, syphilis, and stomachache, among many other diseases. The current study profiled the organic chemical compounds in the ethyl acetate extracts of L. cornuta. Chemical compounds were iden...
Misfolding of some proteins, their self-assembly into insoluble amyloid structures underlies many diseases, constituting a group of amyloid-related pathology. Fibrillation of peptide hormone of pancreas, amylin, is considered as one of the causes of death of β-cells in type 2 diabetes. In this work we studied in vitro protection of islet β-cells from death in the presence of aggregated amylin by...
Moringa oleifera can grow well in the humid tropics or hot dry lands, can survive destitute soils, and is little affected by drought. It tolerates a wide range of rainfall with minimum annual rainfall requirements estimated at 250 mm and maximum at over 3000 mm and a pH of 5.0–9.0. Moringa leaves have been reported to be a rich source of b-carotene, protein, vitamin C, calcium and potassium ...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out during the span of 2005-2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. Study revealed occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominate...
MORTALITY AND REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM VENT. (VERBENACEAE) AGAINST SITOPHILUS ORYZAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)
In continuation of our study we have screened out root, leaf and stem of C. viscosum against rice weevil, S. oryzae extracted into ethanol, ethyl acetate and chloroform. A correlation was found between the insecticidal and repellent activity observed by residual film assay technique and repellency test. It is interesting to note that these plant extracts showed higher to less mortality activity by...