Volume 5 (2018) - Issue 12, December
Ulcers are a breach in the mucosa of the alimentary tract that extends through the muscularis mucosae into the submucosa or deeper. They can occur in any portion of the gastrointestinal tract exposed to the excessive amount of acid-peptic juices. Prevalence of peptic ulcer is approximately 11% to 14% for men and 8% to 11% for women during the age of 30 to 50 years. The occurrence of peptic ulcer i...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRICHOSANTHES CUCUMERINA VAR. CUCUMERINA L. LEAVES
Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina L. is an annual monoecious climber. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina L. mainly distributed in Asian countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia and Australia. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina is a wild variant (Cucurbitaceae) the major active components are triterpenoids, saponins, and cucurbitacins; chemical constituents li...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM AERIAL PARTS OF MENTHA PIPERITA AND MENTHA ARVENSIS
The present study deals with chemistry and antifungal activity of essential oil (EO) of two species of Mentha viz. Mentha piperita and Mentha arvensis which was extracted using Clevenger-type apparatus. Percent yield of EO of M. arvensis (2.8%) was found higher than M. piperita (2.1%). Compositional analysis of M. piperita and M. arvensis EO oil by GC-MS revealed presence of 51 and 35 compounds, r...
SUBSTANTIATION OF USING CHLORELLA GENUS MICROALGAE AS A RAW MATERIAL FOR PREPARATION OF CHEMOPREVENTIVE SUBSTANCES
The purpose of this study was to substantiate the use of suspension of Chlorella genus microalgae as the most valuable raw material for preparation of carotene and chlorophyll а. The method is proposed for ultrasonication of Chlorella vulgaris microalgae suspension in order to increase availability of biologically active substances and improve microbiological performance of the prepared product. ...
Over the past two decades, to increase the antimicrobial spectrum of antibiotics, effective compounds of plants have been used synergically with antibiotics. The plants of genus Artemisia (Asteraceae) have been conventionally used for prevention and medication of a number of ailments. Due to the significance of antimicrobial activity of Artemisia species, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF THE ROOT TUBERS OF CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES GAERTN.
India is well known as the emporium of medicinal plants harboring many plants of medicinal importance, of which Curculios orchioides is one that has been reported to possess medicinal importance for the treatment of various diseases traditionally as well as scientifically. An attempt was made herein to undertake detailed pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical investigation of the root tub...