Volume 5 (2018) - Issue 7, July
Before the advances in synthetic chemistry and discovery of antimicrobials in the 19th early to 21st centuries, plants provided the major source of medicines. Traditional knowledge is more and more an established resource for modern medical science. Ayurveda is the most ancient health care system and is practiced widely in India, Sri Lanka and other countries. This article reviews some of the past...
Helminthiasis is prevalent globally, but is more common in developing countries with poorer personal and environmental hygiene. In the human body gastrointestinal tract is the abode of many helminths, but some also live in tissue. They harm the host by depriving him of food, causing blood loss, injury to organs, intestinal or lymphatic obstruction. It is estimated that hundreds of millions of peop...
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND TYROSINASE INHIBITORY ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS FRACTION OF THE LEAVES OF MORUS ALBA LINN. FROM VIETNAM
The mulberry has been widely cultivated to feed silkworms. The leaves of mulberry have been used in traditional medicine as an analgesic, antitussive, cathartic, diuretic. In this study, we have isolated three compounds (LC1-3) by chromatographic methods from the mulberry leaves (Morus alba L.) collected in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam. These compounds were identified as Kaempferol-3, 7-di-O-α-L...
Ficus polita leaves have been used in traditional medicines to increase physical strength, work productivity and longevity, resistance to high altitude sickness, fatigue, depression, anemia, gastrointestinal ailments, infections, and nervous system disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic activity of hydromethanolic extract of F. polita leaves in rats using acetic acid-...
The aim of the present work was to investigate the anti-diarrheal and diuretic potentials of Tabernaemontana divaricata Linn. leaves of the family Apocynaceae. In almost all tropical developing countries of the world, diarrhoea is one of the most common and serious diseases, the principal cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five years. The methanolic extract of the leaves of T. d...
Honey is commonly used by the indigenous population in Brazil due to its large variety of physiological properties such as ulcers and dermatitis healing. The goal of this paper is to select and to test different types of Brazilian honey to be used associated with Aloe vera as an accessible wound treatment. Three types of honey were analyzed: two produced by Tetragonisca angustula in different regi...
Curcuma albiflora Thw. is an important anti-inflammatory medicinal plant, which is used in Sri Lankan Traditional Medicine. The plant is endemic to Sri Lanka and unexplored. Therefore it is necessary to conduct a proper systematic study to establish a chemical profile of C. albiflora. Therefore, the current study was conducted GC-MS study on various extracts of C. albiflora. The whole plant parts ...
Present communication deals with the pharma-cognostical standardization on the roots of Agnimantha (Premna serratifolia L. (syn. P. integrifolia L.) belong to the family Verbenaceae. It is an important medicinal plant used in many Ayurvedic formulations. According to Ayurveda the roots and leaves are the most useful parts of the plant. It is one among the Dashamula. Macro, microscopical and physic...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRICHOSANTHES CUCUMERINA VAR. CUCUMERINA LINN. LEAVES
Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina Linn. is an annual monoecious climber. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina Linn. mainly distributed in Asian countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia, and Australia. Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina is a wild variant (Cucurbitaceae) the major active components are triterpenoids, saponins, and cucurbitacins; chemical consti...
Portulaca quadrifida Linn. (Portulacaceae) is commonly known as a chicken weed in English. In the traditional system, it is used to treat rheumatism and gynecological diseases, urinary tract infections, worm diseases, dysentery and dermatitis. To assess the cytotoxic potential of hydroalcoholic extract of P. quadrifida leaves using brine shrimp assay. Potassium dichromate was considered a standard...