Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 12, December
CURRENT REVIEW ON BIOTECHNOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SIMAROUBA GLAUCA-AN OIL YIELDING PLANT.
Simarouba glauca is one of the important herbal drugs used against dysentery and has a long history in herbal medicine in many countries. The bark and leaf extract of Simarouba is well known for its different types of pharmacological properties such as hemostatic, antihelminthic, antiparasitic, antidysenteric, antipyretic and anti-cancerous. The bark is used to cure fever, malaria, stomach and bow...
Amino acids are biologically active substances, and a number of them are essential for living beings. Amino acids are found in living cells as well as in body fluids of higher animals, in amounts, which vary according to the tissue and particular amino acid. Amino acid analysis refers to the methodology used to determine the amino acid composition or content of proteins, peptides, and other pharma...
Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. Moxifloxacin is a 4th generation fluoroquinolone. Chemically it is 8-methoxy-fluoroquinolone. It acts by inhibiting DNA gyrase, a type topoisomerase II and topoisomerase IV. These are enzymes which are necessary for separation of bacterial DNA, so inhibits the replication of the cell. Its study was based on single-drug delivery, intravenous. The apparat...
Cocoa and chocolate can also be rich sources of flavonoids. Flavanols isolated from cocoa exhibit strong antioxidant properties in-vitro. Flavanol-rich cocoa and chocolate increased plasma antioxidant capacity and reduced platelet reactivity. Flavonoids are phenolic substances isolated from a wide range of vascular plants, almost over 8000 individual compounds known. They act in plants as antioxid...
The leaf of Verbena officinalis was collected, air dried under the shed, powdered, soaked in and extracted with 80% methanol. The crude extract was tested for it's in-vitro antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli using agar disc diffusion method. Antibacterial assay was made using extract concentrations of 250 mg/ml, 500 mg/ml, and 1000 mg/ml. The extract showed a concentration-depend...
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in the different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n-hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial ...
Soxhlet extraction method was used for the extraction of oil from five variety seeds of the jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus, Artocarpus integrifolia, Artocarpus hircitus, Artocarpus inciscus, and Artocarpus integer), planned to explore its suitability for salutary uses with a special emphasis on its physiochemical characterization, spectrophotometric spectral analysis and evaluation of phytoch...
IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PIPER BETEL LEAVES EXTRACT AGAINST STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND CANDIDA ALBICANS
Endodontic irrigating solution used in root canal treatment in dental specialty is to eliminate root canal pathogens in necrotic pulp tissues. A microorganism like Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis were commonly seen pathogens in necrotic pulp tissues. Commonly used root canal irrigating solutions to kill bacteria’s in the dental root canal are hydrogen peroxide (H2O...
The Characean alga, Chara zeylanica was experimentally exposed to Cadmium ion concentrations ranging from 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 ppb for 7 days. The ultrastructural studies and TEM X-ray microanalysis were performed on the alga exposed to 10 ppb cadmium ion concentration after 7 days of the treatment period. A fine structural examination of the cells revealed that in Cd-treated cells, the cell wall sho...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...