Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 11, November
Twenty two endophytic fungi were isolated from anti-diabetic plants Momordica charantia and Trigonella foenum-graceum. Ethyl acetate extracts of all fungal isolates were tested for inhibition of aldose reductase and carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes. Ethyl acetate extracts of nine endophytic fungi were found to be positive for α- amylase and α- glucosidase inhibitors. Crude extracts of fungal is...
The objective of this review is to update and assess the chemistry, composition, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, nutritional value and toxicology of garlic. The medicinal properties of garlic includes immune functions, antibacterial activities, antifungal activities, antivirus activities, de-toxification, anti-oxidant agent, prevent platelet aggregation, reduction in blood pressure, lower...
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SHAQEEQA (MIGRAINE) WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF GRECO-ARAB PHYSICIANS
The current practice of medicine indebted much to the knowledge and achievements of the past. It is really surprising that far back Greco-Arab physicians were aware of the various diseases and mentioned them in a scientific manner. Most of the knowledge is still in practice. Modern days practice relies on the fundamentals proposed by them. In the classical text of Unani Medicine, headache is descr...
In folk medicine, Aloe camperi, Aloe percrassa (Aloeceae), and Senna singueana L. (Fabaceae) areused in the management of infectious and inflammation related disorders. The objective of this work was to evaluate the in vitro hyaluronidase inhibition activities of extracts from these three medicinal plants. Various concentrations (10, 50, and 100µg/ml) of leaf latex from the two Aloe spp and hydro...
COMPARATIVE NEUROPROTECTIVE POTENTIALS OF THE EXTRACTS OF TALINUM TRIANGULARE AGAINST NITROPRUSSIDE-INDUCED DAMAGES IN ALBINO RATS
The inhibitory effects of ethyl acetate, aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Talinum triangulare were well observed in the brain homogenate of swiss albino rats against sodium nitroprusside induced-peroxidation by thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) in-vitro. All the extracts showed significant inhibitory abilities against sodium-nitroprusside (SNP) induced lipid peroxidation in the brain h...
EFFECT OF DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA EXTRACTS ON CASTOR OIL AND MAGNESIUM SULPHATE INDUCED DIARRHEA IN WISTAR RATS
Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf [Gramineae (Poaceae)] is used in Indian traditional medicines system for treatment of various diseases such as asthma, kidney stone, diarrhea, wound healing etc. These traditional claims require authentication by performing animal testing. This study aims to confirm antidiarrheal activity of D. bipinnata in Wistar rats. Underground parts of D. bipinnata was extrac...
Infertility is one of the most extremely tragic all over the world. Despite recent advances in the treatment of male infertility, the problem has not been satisfactorily tackled. The male infertility is mainly due to an inadequate number of spermatozoa in the semen, the failure of the spermatozoa to move with sufficient vigour towards their goal. Herbal medicines have been broadly used in develope...
Vitiligo is an acquired idiopathic epidermal pigment loss occuring on the body. The prevalence of disease is less than 0.5%. Pathogenesis of vitiligo has been intriguing researchers for decades. Basic defect in vitiligo is disappearance of melanocytes. Several therapies are prescribed for the disease; the most effective one is narrow band UVB phototherapy. Several evidence based hypotheses have be...
Garlic is one of the earliest well known medicinal plants, which used to cure different disease in human being. It used to fight infections, prevent cancer, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antihelmentics, anti- antioxidant, and wound healing. Based on the above important of garlic, this study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial activity of garlic extracts (ethanol, acetone and aqueous e...