Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 11, November
Coccinia grandis Linn. Voigt, also known as Coccinia indica belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. It is extensively used in traditional medicine for the treatment of leprosy, jaundice, asthma, bronchitis, skin eruptions, burns, tongue sores, earache, indigestion, eye infections, nausea, insect bites, and fever. Phytochemical studies reveal the presence of phenols, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, fla...
The objective of this review is to update and assess the chemistry, composition, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, nutritional value and toxicology of garlic. The medicinal properties of garlic include immune functions, antibacterial activities, antifungal activities, antivirus activities, de-toxification, anti-oxidant agent, prevent platelet aggregation, reduction in blood pressure, loweri...
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SHAQEEQA (MIGRAINE) WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF GRECO-ARAB PHYSICIANS
The current practice of medicine indebted much to the knowledge and achievements of the past. It is really surprising that far back Greco-Arab physicians were aware of the various diseases and scientifically mentioned them. Most of the knowledge is still in practice. Modern days practice relies on the fundamentals proposed by them. In the classical text of Unani Medicine, headache is described in ...
In folk medicine, Aloe camperi, Aloe percrassa (Aloeceae), and Senna singueana L. (Fabaceae) are used in the management of infectious and inflammation-related disorders. The objective of this work was to evaluate the in-vitro hyaluronidase inhibition activities of extracts from these three medicinal plants. Various concentrations (10, 50, and 100 µg/ml) of leaf latex from the two Aloe sp and hydr...
COMPARATIVE NEUROPROTECTIVE POTENTIALS OF THE EXTRACTS OF TALINUM TRIANGULARE AGAINST NITROPRUSSIDE-INDUCED DAMAGES IN ALBINO RATS
The inhibitory effects of ethyl acetate, aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Talinum triangulare were well observed in the brain homogenate of Swiss albino rats against sodium nitroprusside induced-peroxidation by thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) in-vitro. All the extracts showed significant inhibitory abilities against sodium-nitroprusside (SNP) induced lipid peroxidation in the brain h...
EFFECT OF DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA EXTRACTS ON CASTOR OIL AND MAGNESIUM SULPHATE INDUCED DIARRHEA IN WISTAR RATS
Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf [Gramineae (Poaceae)] is used in Indian traditional medicines system for treatment of various diseases such as asthma, kidney stone, diarrhea, wound healing, etc. These traditional claims require authentication by performing animal testing. This study aims to confirm the antidiarrheal activity of D. bipinnata in Wistar rats. Underground parts of D. bipinnata was ...
Infertility is one of the most extremely tragic all over the world. Despite recent advances in the treatment of male infertility, the problem has not been satisfactorily tackled. The male infertility is mainly due to an inadequate number of spermatozoa in the semen, the failure of the spermatozoa to move with sufficient vigor towards their goal. Herbal medicines have been broadly used in developed...
Vitiligo is an acquired idiopathic epidermal pigment loss occurring on the body. The prevalence of the disease is less than 0.5%. Pathogenesis of vitiligo has been intriguing researchers for decades. Basic defect in vitiligo is the disappearance of melanocytes. Several therapies are prescribed for the disease; the most effective one is narrowband UVB phototherapy. Several evidence-based hypotheses...
Garlic is one of the earliest well known medicinal plants, which used to cure different disease in a human being. It used to fight infections, prevent cancer, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, anti- antioxidant, and wound healing. Based on the above important of garlic, this study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial activity of garlic extracts (ethanol, acetone and aqueous e...